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ApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechniqueWAXS

Nucleation and Growth Kinetics of ZnO Nanoparticles Studied by in Situ Microfluidic SAXS/WAXS/UV–Vis Experiments

Herbst, Maria; Hofmann, Eddie; Förster, Stephan

The synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles proceeds through a complex sequence of precursor reactions, nucleation, and growth processes. For further advancement and control of nanoparticle synthesis, a detailed understanding of the mechanisms and kinetics is essential. With the recent advancement in X-ray scattering and spectroscopy methods, in situ experiments during nanoparticle…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialMetalsNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Two Growth Mechanisms of Thiol-Capped Gold Nanoparticles Controlled by Ligand Chemistry

Chen, Xuelian; Wei, Meng; Jiang, Shaohua; Förster, Stephan

Thiols play an important role in the synthesis of well-defined nanoparticles (NPs) with tailored properties, but their effects on the formation kinetics of NPs are still under investigation. Here, we used in situ small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)/UV–vis spectroscopy and time-dependent transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to elucidate the role of thiols…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Soft cellulose II nanospheres: sol–gel behaviour, swelling and material synthesis

Beaumont, Marco; Rosenfeldt, Sabine; Tardy, Blaise L.; Gusenbauer, Claudia; Khakalo, Alexey; Nonappa; Opietnik, Martina; Potthast, Antje; Rojas, Orlando J.; Rosenau, Thomas

High axial aspect crystalline nanomaterials have emerged as polymeric building blocks for the construction of supermaterials. In contrast to this form, amorphous nanospheres have remained largely untapped. This is especially peculiar in the context of material assembly, due to the wide range of opportunities they offer by virtue of their…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialParticlesProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Probing the Nanostructure and Arrangement of Bacterial Magnetosomes by Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering

Rosenfeldt, Sabine; Riese, Cornelius N.; Mickoleit, Frank; Schüler, Dirk; Schenk, Anna S.

Magnetosomes are membrane-enveloped single-domain ferromagnetic nanoparticles enabling the navigation of magnetotactic bacteria along magnetic field lines. Strict control over each step of biomineralization generates particles of high crystallinity, strong magnetization, and remarkable uniformity in size and shape, which is particularly interesting for many biomedical and biotechnological…
ApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialPorous materialRenewable energySAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Dental Resin Monomer Enables Unique NbO2/Carbon Lithium-Ion Battery Negative Electrode with Exceptional Performance

Ji, Qing; Gao, Xiangwen; Zhang, Qiuju; Jin, Liyu; Wang, Da; Xia, Yonggao; Yin, Shanshan; Xia, Senlin; Hohn, Nuri; Zuo, Xiuxia; Wang, Xiaoyan; Xie, Shuang; Xu, Zhuijun; Ma, Liujia; Chen, Liang; Chen, George Z.; Zhu, Jin; Hu, Binjie; Müller?Buschbaum, Peter; Bruce, Peter G.; Cheng, Ya-Jun

Niobium dioxide (NbO2) features a high theoretical capacity and an outstanding electron conductivity, which makes it a promising alternative to the commercial graphite negative electrode. However, studies on NbO2 based lithium-ion battery negative electrodes have been rarely reported. In the present work, NbO2 nanoparticles homogeneously embedded in a carbon matrix…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechniqueTemperature

Investigation of the internal structure of thermoresponsive diblock poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly[N-(2,2-difluoroethyl)acrylamide] copolymer nanoparticles

Babuka, David; Kolouchova, Kristyna; Hruby, Martin; Groborz, Ondrej; Tosner, Zdenek; Zhigunov, Alexander; Stepanek, Petr

The poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly self-assembled nanoparticles show great potential in biological applications as, e.g., 19F MRI tumour diagnostic agents. As such their internal structure needs to be thoroughly investigated while the results also help to understand temperature-dependent self-assembly behaviour of copolymers comprised of the hydrophilic and…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Tandem catalysis in multicomponent solvent-free biofluids

Atkins, Dylan Luke; Berrocal, José Augusto; Mason, Alexander Francesco; Voets, Ilja Karina

Enzymes are widely employed to reduce the environmental impact of chemical industries as biocatalysts improve productivity and offer high selectively under mild reaction conditions in a diverse range of chemical transformations. The poor stability of biomacromolecules under reaction conditions is often a critical bottleneck to their application. Protein engineering or…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialParticle interactionsProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Disentangling the role of solvent polarity and protein solvation in folding and self-assembly of ?-lactalbumin

Bucciarelli, Saskia; Sayedi, Edres Sayed; Osella, Silvio; Trzaskowski, Bartosz; Vissing, Karina Juul; Vestergaard, Bente; Foderà, Vito

Protein (mis)folding, stability and aggregation are of interest in numerous fields, such as food sciences, biotechnology, and health sciences, and efforts are directed towards the elucidation of the underlying molecular mechanisms. Through an integrative approach, we show that a subtle balance between hydrogen bond formation and hydrophobic interactions defines protein…
(Hydro)gelsApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Effects of charge contrast and composition on microgel formation and interactions with bacteria-mimicking liposomes

Borro, Bruno C.; Toussaint, Marie S.; Bucciarelli, Saskia; Malmsten, Martin

Microgels offer opportunities for improved delivery of antimicrobial peptides (AMP). To contribute to a foundation for rational design of such systems, we here study the effects of electrostatics on the generation of peptide-carrying microgels. For this, alginate microgels loaded with polymyxin B and cross-linked by Ca2+, were formed by electrostatic…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biologyTechnique

Distinguishing Between Monomeric scFv and Diabody in Solution Using Light and Small Angle X-ray Scattering

Lüdel, Frank; Bufe, Sandra; Bleymüller, Willem M.; de Jonge, Hugo; Iamele, Luisa; Niemann, Hartmut H.; Hellweg, Thomas

Depending on the linker length between the V H and the V L domain, single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragments form monomers, dimers (diabodies) or higher oligomers. We aimed at generating a diabody of the anti-MET antibody 3H3 to use it as crystallization chaperone to promote crystallization of the MET ectodomain…