Category

Nanoparticles & colloids

ApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechniqueWAXS

Nucleation and Growth Kinetics of ZnO Nanoparticles Studied by in Situ Microfluidic SAXS/WAXS/UV–Vis Experiments

Herbst, Maria; Hofmann, Eddie; Förster, Stephan

The synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles proceeds through a complex sequence of precursor reactions, nucleation, and growth processes. For further advancement and control of nanoparticle synthesis, a detailed understanding of the mechanisms and kinetics is essential. With the recent advancement in X-ray scattering and spectroscopy methods, in situ experiments during nanoparticle…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialMetalsNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Two Growth Mechanisms of Thiol-Capped Gold Nanoparticles Controlled by Ligand Chemistry

Chen, Xuelian; Wei, Meng; Jiang, Shaohua; Förster, Stephan

Thiols play an important role in the synthesis of well-defined nanoparticles (NPs) with tailored properties, but their effects on the formation kinetics of NPs are still under investigation. Here, we used in situ small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)/UV–vis spectroscopy and time-dependent transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to elucidate the role of thiols…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Soft cellulose II nanospheres: sol–gel behaviour, swelling and material synthesis

Beaumont, Marco; Rosenfeldt, Sabine; Tardy, Blaise L.; Gusenbauer, Claudia; Khakalo, Alexey; Nonappa; Opietnik, Martina; Potthast, Antje; Rojas, Orlando J.; Rosenau, Thomas

High axial aspect crystalline nanomaterials have emerged as polymeric building blocks for the construction of supermaterials. In contrast to this form, amorphous nanospheres have remained largely untapped. This is especially peculiar in the context of material assembly, due to the wide range of opportunities they offer by virtue of their…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechnique

Rapid synthesis of [Au25(Cys)18] nanoclusters via carbon monoxide in microfluidic liquid-liquid segmented flow system and their antimicrobial performance

Huang, He; Hwang, Gi Byoung; Wu, Gaowei; Karu, Kersti; Du Toit, Hendrik; Wu, Han; Callison, June; Parkin, Ivan P.; Gavriilidis, Asterios

Atomically precise thiolate-gold nanoclusters with well-defined structures attract attention for use in various applications. However, most of the recently reported synthetic methods rely on prolonged synthesis times (a few hours to days) in order to produce high purity materials with a single cluster size. Such extended synthesis times make these…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechniqueTemperature

Investigation of the internal structure of thermoresponsive diblock poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly[N-(2,2-difluoroethyl)acrylamide] copolymer nanoparticles

Babuka, David; Kolouchova, Kristyna; Hruby, Martin; Groborz, Ondrej; Tosner, Zdenek; Zhigunov, Alexander; Stepanek, Petr

The poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly self-assembled nanoparticles show great potential in biological applications as, e.g., 19F MRI tumour diagnostic agents. As such their internal structure needs to be thoroughly investigated while the results also help to understand temperature-dependent self-assembly behaviour of copolymers comprised of the hydrophilic and…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechnique

Single-step preparation of mono-dispersed sulfur nanoparticles for detention of copper

Shevchenko, Natalia; Steinhart, Milos; Tomšík, Elena

Application of sulfur nanoparticles results from biocompatibility, biodegradability, and non-toxicity of the shell that covers sulfur nanoparticles. However, to prepare uniform sulfur nanoparticles still remains a challenge; particularly in aqueous medium when the size of sulfur nanoparticles is not more than 20 nm. In the current work, the detailed investigation…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechnique

A Cross-Method Comparison of Sub-10 nm Nanoparticle Size Distribution

Yang, Ye; Liao, Suiyang; Luo, Zhi; Qi, Runzhang; Mac Fhionnlaoich, Niamh; Stellacci, Francesco; Guldin, Stefan

Accurate nanoparticle (NP) size determination is essential across research domains, with many functions in nanoscience and biomedical research being size-dependent. Although transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is capable of resolving a single NP down to the sub-nm scale, the reliable representation of entire populations is plagued by challenges in providing statistical…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialMetalsNanoparticles & colloidsOtherParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechniqueTemperature

An in situ SAXS investigation of the formation of silver nanoparticles and bimetallic silver–gold nanoparticles in controlled wet-chemical reduction synthesis

F. Garcia, Paulo R. A.; Prymak, Oleg; Grasmik, Viktoria; Pappert, Kevin; Wlysses, Wagner; Otubo, Larissa; Epple, Matthias; P. Oliveira, Cristiano L.

We present a study on the formation of silver (Ag) and bimetallic silver–gold (AgAu) nanoparticlesmonitored by in situ SAXS as well as by ex situ TEM, XRD and UV-vis analysis in a flow reactor at controlled reaction temperature. The formation mechanism of the nanoparticles is derived from the structural parameters…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSTechnique

Preparation and liquid crystal phase properties of discotic cellulose nanoparticles

Li, Chenxi; Evans, Julian; Wang, Nan; Guo, Tingbiao; He, Sailing

Understanding the behavior of fluids with inhomogeneous structural properties is critical for many industrial and biological materials. Sulfuric acid hydrolysis of cotton with ultrasonic treatment and low-speed centrifugation during purification yields “spiky” discotic cellulose particles. Amorphous cellulose remained in solution and forms discotic units which may be nucleated by crystalline…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesPore size and pore size distributionTechniqueWAXS

Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Ultrasmall Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles

Saloga, Patrick E. J.; Thünemann, Andreas F.

We report on ultrasmall zinc oxide single-crystalline nanoparticles of narrow size distribution and long-term colloidal stability. These oleate-stabilized nanoparticles were synthesized using microwave-assisted synthesis for 5 min, corresponding to a 99% decrease in synthesis time, when compared to the conventional synthesis method. It was observed that the average particle radius…