ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisRenewable energySAXSSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Tuning Pore Dimensions of Mesoporous Inorganic Films by Homopolymer Swelling

Reid, Barry; Alvarez-Fernandez, Alberto; Schmidt-Hansberg, Benjamin; Guldin, Stefan

The functionality and applications of mesoporous inorganic films are closely linked to their mesopore dimensions. For material architectures derived from a block copolymer (BCP) micelle coassembly, the pore size is typically manipulated by changing the molecular weight corresponding to the pore-forming block. However, bespoke BCP synthesis is often a costly…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSInorganic materialsMaterialMetalsOtherParticlesSurface structure and patternsTechnique

Ultrathin Homogenous AuNP Monolayers as Tunable Functional Substrates for Surface-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization of Small Biomolecules

Liu, Zhen; Zhang, Peng; Kister, Thomas; Kraus, Tobias; Volmer, Dietrich A.

A series of ultrathin, homogenous gold nanoparticle (AuNP) substrates for surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS) were prepared using a simple air/water interface approach. These SALDI substrates enabled soft ionization and provided significant improvements in terms of signal intensities and reduced background levels in comparison to other AuNP morphologies for…
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialOrientation analysisOtherOtherPorous materialSurface structure and patternsTechnique

In-Depth Study of Coating Multimodal Porosity Using Ellipsometry Porosimetry in Desorption Scanning Mode

Loizillon, Jérôme; Baumgartner, Bettina; Sinturel, Christophe; Abbarchi, Marco; Lendl, Bernhard; Grosso, David

Ellipsometry porosimetry provides full adsorption/desorption isotherms and is among the most accurate techniques to probe porosity in thin films. Here we address a novel technique based on desorption scanning for a precise assessment of the porosity features revealing the size distribution of interconnections between the various populations of pores in…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchSelf-assembled materialSurface structure and patternsTechnique

Transition Pathway between Gyroid and Cylindrical Morphology in Linear Triblock Terpolymer Thin Films

Guliyeva, Aynur; Vayer, Marylène; Warmont, Fabienne; Takano, Atsushi; Matsushita, Yushu; Sinturel, Christophe

A new transition between alternating gyroid (GA) structure and cylindrical morphology was observed in thin films for a poly(isoprene-block-styrene-block-(2-vinylpyridine)) (ISP) triblock terpolymer (I/S/P volume fraction = 0.20:0.66:0.14) exhibiting in bulk a Q214 (space group I4132) morphology. Thin films were organized using solvent vapor annealing (SVA) and characterized by atomic force…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

A top-down strategy identifying molecular phase stabilizers to overcome microstructure instabilities in organic solar cells

Zhang, Chaohong; Heumueller, Thomas; Leon, Salvador; Gruber, Wolfgang; Burlafinger, Klaus; Tang, Xiaofeng; Perea, Jose D.; Wabra, Isabell; Hirsch, Andreas; Unruh, Tobias; Li, Ning; Brabec, Christoph J.

The operational stability of organic solar cells (OSCs) is the essential barrier to commercialization. Compared to thermally-induced degradation, photo-stability of OSCs is far away from being resolved. Here, we demonstrate that the thermal- and photo-degradation of metastable bulk-heterojunction OSCs are governed by the same mechanism. Understanding the fundamental principles behind…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Comprehensive Investigation and Analysis of Bulk-Heterojunction Microstructure of High-Performance PCE11:PCBM Solar Cells

Zhang, Chaohong; Heumueller, Thomas; Gruber, Wolfgang; Almora, Osbel; Du, Xiaoyan; Ying, Lei; Chen, Junwu; Unruh, Tobias; Cao, Yong; Li, Ning; Brabec, Christoph J.

Worldwide research efforts have been devoted to organic photovoltaics in the hope of a large-scale commercial application in the near future. To meet the industrial production requirements, organic photovoltaics that can reach power conversion efficiency (PCE) of over 10% along with promising operational device stability are of utmost interest. In…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSelf-assembled materialSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Morphological Evolution of Poly(solketal methacrylate)-block-polystyrene Copolymers in Thin Films

Yu, Duk Man; Smith, Darren M.; Kim, Hyeyoung; Mapas, Jose Kenneth D.; Rzayev, Javid; Russell, Thomas P.

The morphological evolution of the lamellar microdomains in the thin films of symmetric poly(solketal methacrylate-b-styrene) (PSM-b-PS) copolymers that can be converted into poly(glycerol monomethacrylate-b-styrene) (PGM-b-PS) copolymers through acid hydrolysis reaction was investigated. This simple chemical transformation was performed in the solid state using trifluoroacetic acid vapor,…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSShapeSizeSurface structure and patternsTechnique

Adjustable self-assembly in polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) dip-coated thin films

Konefa?, Magdalena; Zhigunov, Alexander; Pavlova, Ewa; ?ernoch, Peter; Pop-Georgievski, Ognen; Špírková, Milena

This work studies the influence of dip-coating parameters on self-assembly in ultra-thin films of asymmetric polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) copolymers from a 1-chloropentane solution using a combination of several experimental techniques. Small-Angle X-ray Scattering, Atomic Force Microscopy, Grazing Incidence Small Angle X-ray Scattering and Transmission Electron Microscopy…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSInorganic materialInorganic materialsMaterialPorous materialSurface structure and patternsTechnique

Photocatalytic Template Removal by Non-Ozone-Generating UV Irradiation for the Fabrication of Well-Defined Mesoporous Inorganic Coatings

Reid, Barry; Taylor, Alaric; Alvarez-Fernandez, Alberto; Ismael, Muhamad Hafiz; Sharma, Shatakshi; Schmidt-Hansberg, Benjamin; Guldin, Stefan

The processing of mesoporous inorganic coatings typically requires a high-temperature calcination step to remove organic precursors that are essential during the material assembly. Lowering the fabrication energy costs and cutting back on the necessary resources would provide a greater scope for the deployment in applications such as architectural glass, optical…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Simply planarizing nonfused perylene diimide based acceptors toward promising non-fullerene solar cells

Bian, Gao-Feng; Zhao, Feng; Lau, Tsz-Ki; Sheng, Chun-Qi; Lu, Xinhui; Du, Hui; Zhang, Cheng; Qu, Zhi-Rong; Chen, Hongzheng; Wan, Jun-Hua

This work focuses on developing high-efficiency perylene diimide (PDI)-based small molecular nonfullerene acceptors with a simple synthetic strategy. We reported a new electron acceptor, Py-e-PDI, obtained via cross-coupling four PDI units with a planar pyrene core through ethynyl groups. Although the ring-fusion synthetic procedure was omitted, the large planar core…