ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesPhase analysisSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Scalable synthesis of dispersible iron carbide (Fe3C) nanoparticles by ‘nanocasting’

Fletcher, D. C.; Hunter, R.; Xia, W.; Smales, G. J.; Pauw, B. R.; Blackburn, E.; Kulak, A.; Xin, Huolin; Schnepp, Z.

Metal carbides have shown great promise in a wide range of applications due to their unique catalytic, electrocatalytic and magnetic properties. However, the scalable production of dispersible metal carbide nanoparticles remains a challenge. Here, we report a simple and scalable route to dispersible iron carbide (Fe3C) nanoparticles. This uses MgO…
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialOtherParticle size and size distributionPorous materialSAXSSpecific surfaceTechniqueWAXS

TiO2-carbon nanoporous composites prepared via ZnO nanoparticle-templated carbonization of glucose adsorb and photodegrade organic pollutants in water

Barrera, Luis A.; Escobosa, Alma C.; Nevarez, Aileen; Dominguez, Noemi; Bañuelos, Jose L.; Westerhoff, Paul; Noveron, Juan C.

We report the ZnO nanoparticle-templated formation of nanoporous carbon (NTC) embedded with TiO2 nanoparticles for the adsorption and photodegradation of organic pollutants in water. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) studies indicate that NTC and NTC-TiO2 exhibit two types of porosities with average pore diameters of 2.8 and 11.5?nm, while Brunauer-Emmet-Teller (BET)…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLiquid crystalsMaterialOtherShapeSizeThin films

Collective orientational order and phase behavior of a discotic liquid crystal under nanoscale confinement

Yildirim, Arda; Sentker, Kathrin; Smales, Glen Jacob; Pauw, Brian Richard; Huber, Patrick; Schönhals, Andreas

The phase behavior and molecular ordering of hexakishexyloxy triphenylene (HAT6) DLCs under cylindrical nanoconfinement are studied utilizing differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dielectric spectroscopy (DS), where cylindrical nanoconfinement is established through embedding HAT6 into the nanopores of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes, and a silica membrane with pore diameters ranging…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Ballistic thermal phonons traversing nanocrystalline domains in oriented polyethylene

Robbins, Andrew B.; Drakopoulos, Stavros X.; Martin-Fabiani, Ignacio; Ronca, Sara; Minnich, Austin J.

Polymer crystals that are good conductors of heat are highly desirable for thermal management applications. Although thermally conductive polymer crystals are well known, the microscopic thermal transport processes that enable these properties have been challenging to probe experimentally. We used an optical method to probe heat conduction at submicrometer length…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFoodFood scienceGIWAXSLipidsMaterialPhase analysisSAXSSurface structure and patternsTechniqueWAXS

Physical Chemical Properties of Shea/Cocoa Butter Blends and their Potential for Chocolate Manufacture

Rodriguez?Negrette, Ana Carolina; Huck-Iriart, Cristián; Herrera, María Lidia

Cocoa butter (CB) is the preferred fat for chocolates and confections. However, for technological and economic reasons, there have been strong efforts for partially replacing it. As shea butter (SB) has become an important natural source of symmetrical stearic-rich triacylglycerols (TAG), the aim of this work was to study physical…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Improvement in mechanical and structural properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) nanohybrid

Saxena, Dipti; Rana, Dipak; Bhoje Gowd, E.; Maiti, Pralay

The wide range of applicability of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) in various fields such as packaging, automobile parts, sports and textile due to its transparent nature, light weight and mechanical properties creates strong case to enhance its mechanical properties. By embedding nanofillers and thereby improving the mechanical properties, this spectrum can…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchPore size and pore size distributionPorous materialSAXSTechnique

A π-Conjugated, Covalent Phosphinine Framework

Huang, Jieyang; Tarábek, Ján; Kulkarni, Ranjit; Wang, Cui; Dracínský, Martin; Smales, Glen J.; Tian, Yu; Ren, Shijie; Pauw, Brian R.; Resch-Genger, Ute; Bojdys, Michael J.

Structural modularity of polymer frameworks is a key advantage of covalent organic polymers, however, only C, N, O, Si, and S have found their way into their building blocks so far. Here, the toolbox available to polymer and materials chemists is expanded by one additional nonmetal, phosphorus. Starting with a…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Role of the Hydrophilic Latex Particle Surface in Water Diffusion into Films from Waterborne Polymer Colloids

Konko, Iuliia; Guriyanova, Svetlana; Boyko, Volodymyr; Sun, Lichao; Liu, Dong; Reck, Bernd; Men, Yongfeng

The diffusion mechanism and growth of large-scale domains during the immersion of latex films in water have been thoroughly investigated with scattering techniques in a combination with the gravimetric method. Latex dispersions for film formation studies had identical main monomer compositions and only differ in the hydrophilic comonomers that result…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Mechanistic understanding of monovalent cation transport in eumelanin pigments

Tian, Zhen; Hwang, Wonseok; Kim, Young Jo

Recent research advances in charge-conducting materials have enabled the transformation of the naturally-occurring materials into crucial components in many technologies, including renewable energy storage devices or bioelectronics. Among various candidates, eumelanins are promising charge storage materials, exhibiting hybrid electronic ionic conductivity in a hydrated environment. The chemical…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Mutually-complementary structure design towards highly stretchable elastomers with robust strength and autonomous self-healing property

Wu, Bo; Liu, Zhimeng; Lei, Yuan; Wang, Yi; Liu, Qinfeng; Yuan, Anqian; Zhao, Yuanyang; Zhang, Xi; Lei, Jingxin

Achieving good transparency, high strength and superior extensibility simultaneously in autonomic self-healing elastomers remains challenging and fascinating. Herein, a complementary design strategy of combining densely distributed multiple hydrogen bonds (H bonds) and loosely packed spacer units in supramolecular elastomer was reported to address the inherent contradiction of robust strength and…