Category

Metals

ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialsMaterialMetalsSAXSTechnique

Ambient synthesis of nanomaterials by in situ heterogeneous metal/ligand reactions

S. Chang, Boyce; Thomas, Brijith; Chen, Jiahao; D. Tevis, Ian; Karanja, Paul; Çınar, Simge; Venkatesh, Amrit; J. Rossini, Aaron; M. Thuo, Martin

Coordination polymers are ideal synthons in creating high aspect ratio nanostructures, however, conventional synthetic methods are often restricted to batch-wise and costly processes. Herein, we demonstrate a non-traditional, frugal approach to synthesize 1D coordination polymers by in situ etching of zerovalent metal particle precursors. This procedure is denoted as the…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCatalystsCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialMetalsNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechnique

Active site isolation in bismuth-poisoned Pd/SiO2 catalysts for selective hydrogenation of furfural

Cherkasov, Nikolay; Expósito, Antonio José; Aw, Moom Sinn; Fernández-García, Javier; Huband, Steven; Sloan, Jeremy; Paniwnyk, Larysa; Rebrov, Evgeny V.

Active site isolation in furfural (FA) hydrogenation was studied by poisoning a Pd catalyst with bismuth. A solution of FA in water was hydrogenated over a 5?wt% Pd/SiO2 catalyst in a batch reactor at various reaction temperatures and pressures. Furfuryl alcohol (FAL) was an intermediate product which was further hydrogenated…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialMetalsRenewable energyShapeSizeTechniqueThin films

Stabilizing Silver Window Electrodes for Organic Photovoltaics Using a Mercaptosilane Monolayer

Lee, Jaemin; Walker, Marc; Varagnolo, Silvia; Huband, Steven; Hatton, Ross A.

A single layer of the bifunctional molecule 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane is shown to be remarkably effective at improving the stability of optically thin silver film electrodes toward spontaneous morphological change and oxidation by airborne sulfur. Inclusion of this layer in the novel transparent electrode WO3(30 nm)/silver (13 nm)/sol–gel ZnO (27 nm) at…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialMetalsNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Two Growth Mechanisms of Thiol-Capped Gold Nanoparticles Controlled by Ligand Chemistry

Chen, Xuelian; Wei, Meng; Jiang, Shaohua; Förster, Stephan

Thiols play an important role in the synthesis of well-defined nanoparticles (NPs) with tailored properties, but their effects on the formation kinetics of NPs are still under investigation. Here, we used in situ small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)/UV–vis spectroscopy and time-dependent transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to elucidate the role of thiols…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialMetalsNanoparticles & colloidsOtherParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechniqueTemperature

An in situ SAXS investigation of the formation of silver nanoparticles and bimetallic silver–gold nanoparticles in controlled wet-chemical reduction synthesis

F. Garcia, Paulo R. A.; Prymak, Oleg; Grasmik, Viktoria; Pappert, Kevin; Wlysses, Wagner; Otubo, Larissa; Epple, Matthias; P. Oliveira, Cristiano L.

We present a study on the formation of silver (Ag) and bimetallic silver–gold (AgAu) nanoparticlesmonitored by in situ SAXS as well as by ex situ TEM, XRD and UV-vis analysis in a flow reactor at controlled reaction temperature. The formation mechanism of the nanoparticles is derived from the structural parameters…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSInorganic materialsMaterialMetalsOtherParticlesSurface structure and patternsTechnique

Ultrathin Homogenous AuNP Monolayers as Tunable Functional Substrates for Surface-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization of Small Biomolecules

Liu, Zhen; Zhang, Peng; Kister, Thomas; Kraus, Tobias; Volmer, Dietrich A.

A series of ultrathin, homogenous gold nanoparticle (AuNP) substrates for surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS) were prepared using a simple air/water interface approach. These SALDI substrates enabled soft ionization and provided significant improvements in terms of signal intensities and reduced background levels in comparison to other AuNP morphologies for…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialsMaterialMetalsSAXSSizeTechnique

Nanocrystalline ODS-iron aluminide by cryo-milling: consolidation, microstructure and mechanical behavior

Sarma, S. Sudhakara; Prasad, Satya; Joardar, Joydip; Suresh, K.; Reddy, A. V.; Vijay, R.

Nanocrystalline oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Fe-25 at% Al alloy was produced by cryo-milling of elemental powder blend and Y2O3. The as-milled powder was consolidated by hot extrusion. The Microstructure and mechanical properties of the consolidated material were evaluated. Fracture of powder particles during milling was dominant due to cryo temperatures…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionInorganic materialsMaterialMetalsSAXSSizeTechnique

Precipitation in original Duralumin A-U4G versus modern 2017A alloy

Brunet, Magali; Malard, Benoit; Ratel-Ramond, Nicolas; Deshayes, Christophe; Joulié, Sébastien; Warot-Fonrose, Bénédicte; Sciau, Philippe; Douin, Joël; De Geuser, Frédéric; Deschamps, Alexis

Precipitation in Duralumin, a historic quaternary alloy of the type: Al–Cu–Mg–Si, was never fully studied nor observed by current electron microscopy techniques. This article presents the full characterization and comparison of two alloys: a Duralumin (A-U4G) from the 1950s collected on a vintage aircraft and its modern equivalent: a 2017A…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialInorganic materialsMaterialMetalsNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSShapeTechnique

Quantitative Analysis of Semiconductor Nanocrystal Ensemble Optical Extinction

Staller, Corey M.; Agrawal, Ankit; Gibbs, Stephen L.; Cabezas, Camila A. Saez; Johns, Robert W.; Milliron, Delia J.

The optical extinction coefficients of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in doped semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) have intensities determined by the free charge carrier concentration and the mechanisms for damping the oscillation of those free carriers. We investigate the dependence of the extinction coefficient of tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) NCs on…
12 March 2019