Inorganic material

ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Two-dimensional inverted planar perovskite solar cells with efficiency over 15% via solvent and interface engineering

Lian, Xiaomei; Chen, Jiehuan; Zhang, Yingzhu; Tian, Shuoxun; Qin, Minchao; Li, Jun; Andersen, Thomas Rieks; Wu, Gang; Lu, Xinhui; Chen, Hongzheng

High short-circuit current (Jsc) and open-circuit voltage (Voc) are both required for two-dimensional (2D) perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) with high power conversion efficiency (PCE). In this work, solvent engineering is combined with interface engineering to fabricate 2D PVSCs with enhanced Jsc and Voc. Mixing formamide with N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) was found…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialRenewable energySizeSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Room-Temperature Meniscus Coating of >20% Perovskite Solar Cells: A Film Formation Mechanism Investigation

Hu, Hanlin; Ren, Zhiwei; Fong, Patrick W. K.; Qin, Minchao; Liu, Danjun; Lei, Dangyuan; Lu, Xinhui; Li, Gang

Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are ideally fabricated entirely via a scalable solution process at low temperatures to realize the promise of simple manufacturing, low-cost processing, compatibility with flexible substrates, and perovskite-based tandem solar cells. However, high-quality photoactive perovskite thin films under those processing conditions is a challenge. Here, a laminar…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Tailoring vertical phase distribution of quasi-two-dimensional perovskite films via surface modification of hole-transporting layer

Liu, Tiefeng; Jiang, Youyu; Qin, Minchao; Liu, Junxue; Sun, Lulu; Qin, Fei; Hu, Lin; Xiong, Sixing; Jiang, Xueshi; Jiang, Fangyuan; Peng, Ping; Jin, Shengye; Lu, Xinhui; Zhou, Yinhua

Vertical phase distribution plays an important role in the quasi-two-dimensional perovskite solar cells. So far, the driving force and how to tailor the vertical distribution of layer numbers have been not discussed. In this work, we report that the vertical distribution of layer numbers in the quasi-two-dimensional perovskite films deposited…
(Hydro)gelsApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsSAXSSizeTechnique

3D-Printing of Pure Metal–Organic Framework Monoliths

Lim, Gwendolyn J. H.; Wu, Yue; Shah, Bhuvan B.; Koh, J. Justin; Liu, Connie K.; Zhao, Dan; Cheetham, Anthony K.; Wang, John; Ding, Jun

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are usually synthesized in powder form. For many practical applications, MOFs need to be shaped into monoliths that can be easily handled. However, conventional shaping methods, such as pelletization, often result in a decrease in functionality. Recently, MOF-containing monoliths have been made using direct ink writing (DIW;…
ApplicationCatalystsCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialInorganic materialsMaterialSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Restricting Effect of Solvent Aggregates on Distribution and Mobility of CuCl2 in Homogenous Catalysis

Wang, Yongtao; Wang, Guanqi; Yao, Jia; Li, Haoran

Extensive experimental and theoretical studies have proven the existence of solvent aggregates in alcohols, and some attempts have been made to explore the uneven distribution of solutes. Here, we studied the distribution and mobility of CuCl2 in 3-hexanol and ethanol and investigated the aerobic oxidation of 2,3,6-trimethylphenol under these systems.…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechnique

Improving the Stability and Monodispersity of Layered Cesium Lead Iodide Perovskite Thin Films by Tuning Crystallization Dynamics

Hadi, Atefe; Ryan, Bradley J.; Nelson, Rainie D.; Santra, Kalyan; Lin, Fang-Yi; Cochran, Eric W.; Panthani, Matthew G.

Assembling halide perovskites into layered structures holds promise for addressing chemical and phase stability challenges; however, several other challenges need to be addressed to create efficient and stable halide perovskite devices. Layered halide perovskites (LHPs) suffer from a broad distribution of layer thicknesses and band gaps within thin films. Reducing polydispersity…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialPhase analysisRenewable energySAXSTechniqueTemperature

Unlocking Simultaneously the Temperature and Electrochemical Windows of Aqueous Phthalocyanine Electrolytes

Huang, Zhifeng; Zhang, Peng; Gao, Xinpei; Henkensmeier, Dirk; Passerini, Stefano; Chen, Ruiyong

The change from organic solvents to aqueous solvents for safe and robust battery electrolytes is desirable for electrochemical energy storage. Thermodynamically, water has an electrochemical stability window of 1.23 V, and pure water freezes at 0 °C. Such properties clearly restrict the high-voltage applications and temperature adaptability of aqueous electrolytes.…
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSInorganic materialMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsOrientation analysisParticlesSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Transforming an inert nanopolymer into broad-spectrum bactericidal by superstructure tuning

Scilletta, Natalia A.; Pezzoni, Magdalena; Desimone, Martín F.; Soler-Illia, Galo J.A.A.; Catalano, Paolo N.; Bellino, Martín G.

Poloxamer block copolymers (also known as Pluronic®) are particularly useful for drug delivery and self-assembly techniques. These nanopolymers are generally considered to be biologically inert and they were used to generate only bacteria repellent surfaces but keeps bacteria alive and as a latent threat. However, the inherent capabilities of these…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialPhase analysisRenewable energyTechniqueWAXS

Extending the hydrogen storage limit in fullerene

Gaboardi, Mattia; Sarzi Amadé, Nicola; Aramini, Matteo; Milanese, Chiara; Magnani, Giacomo; Sanna, Samuele; Riccò, Mauro; Pontiroli, Daniele

Li6C60 has been chosen as the most representative system to study the hydrogenation mechanism in alkali-cluster intercalated fullerides. We present here a muon spin relaxation (?SR) experiment that hints the chance to achieve a higher storage capacity on fullerene with respect to the values suggested in literature. Moreover, a linear…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialInorganic materialsMaterialOil & gasPhase analysisSAXSTechnique

Partial Transformation of Imogolite by Decylphosphonic Acid Yields an Interface Active Composite Material

Lange, Tobias; Charpentier, Thibault; Gobeaux, Frédéric; Charton, Sophie; Testard, Fabienne; Thill, Antoine

The phosphonic acid moiety is commonly used as an anchoring group for the surface modification of imogolite. However, the impact of the reaction on its structure has never been clearly analyzed before. We study the reaction of imogolite and decylphosphonic acid by combining infrared spectroscopy, X-ray scattering, scanning electron microscopy,…