(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPolymer researchSAXSSelf-assembled materialTechniqueTemperature

Two-Step Chemical Transformation of Polystyrene-block-poly(solketal acrylate) Copolymers for Increasing ?

Yu, Duk Man; Smith, Darren M.; Kim, Hyeyoung; Rzayev, Javid; Russell, Thomas P.

We investigated the two-step chemical transformation of a series of symmetric poly(styrene-b-solketal acrylate) (PS-b-PSA) copolymers with varying molecular weights from 1900 to 27?300 g/mol (13 ? N ? 194) synthesized by sequential atom transfer radical polymerization. Through acid-catalyzed hydrolysis, the PSA block is converted into poly(glycerol acrylate) (PGA), which subsequently…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTemperature

Tuning Mechanical Properties of Biobased Polymers by Supramolecular Chain Entanglement

Lamm, Meghan E.; Song, Lingzhi; Wang, Zhongkai; Rahman, Md Anisur; Lamm, Benjamin; Fu, Lin; Tang, Chuanbing

A variety of biobased polymers have been derived from diverse natural resources. However, the mechanical properties of some of these polymers are inferior due to low chain entanglement. We report a facile strategy termed “supramolecular chain entanglement”, which utilizes supramolecular interactions to create physical cross-linking and entanglements for polymers with…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechniqueTemperature

Investigation of the internal structure of thermoresponsive diblock poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly[N-(2,2-difluoroethyl)acrylamide] copolymer nanoparticles

Babuka, David; Kolouchova, Kristyna; Hruby, Martin; Groborz, Ondrej; Tosner, Zdenek; Zhigunov, Alexander; Stepanek, Petr

The poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly self-assembled nanoparticles show great potential in biological applications as, e.g., 19F MRI tumour diagnostic agents. As such their internal structure needs to be thoroughly investigated while the results also help to understand temperature-dependent self-assembly behaviour of copolymers comprised of the hydrophilic and…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsMaterialOtherPhase analysisSAXSSizeTechniqueTemperature

Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity of (thio)alkyl hexopyranosides, nonionic glycolipid mimetics

Džubák, Petr; Gurská, So?a; Bogdanová, Kate?ina; Uhríková, Daniela; Kanjaková, Nina; Combet, Sophie; Klunda, Tomáš; Kolá?, Milan; Hajdúch, Marian; Poláková, Monika

A series of 19 synthetic alkyl and thioalkyl glycosides derived from d-mannose, d-glucose and d-galactose and having C10–C16 aglycone were investigated for cytotoxic activity against 7 human cancer and 2 non-tumor cell lines as well as for antimicrobial potential on 12 bacterial and yeast strains. The most potent compounds were…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialMetalsNanoparticles & colloidsOtherParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechniqueTemperature

An in situ SAXS investigation of the formation of silver nanoparticles and bimetallic silver–gold nanoparticles in controlled wet-chemical reduction synthesis

F. Garcia, Paulo R. A.; Prymak, Oleg; Grasmik, Viktoria; Pappert, Kevin; Wlysses, Wagner; Otubo, Larissa; Epple, Matthias; P. Oliveira, Cristiano L.

We present a study on the formation of silver (Ag) and bimetallic silver–gold (AgAu) nanoparticlesmonitored by in situ SAXS as well as by ex situ TEM, XRD and UV-vis analysis in a flow reactor at controlled reaction temperature. The formation mechanism of the nanoparticles is derived from the structural parameters…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

Microstructure Induced Rigidity of Polysiloxane Yielding Hierarchical Self-Assembly of Alkyl Side Chains

Sarkar, Alok; Negi, Lalit Mohan Singh; Lewis, Kenrick M.; Vasimalai, Nagamalai; Gowd, E. Bhoje; Dasgupta, Debarshi

The influence of a backbone microstructure on the side chain crystallization of a comb-like polymer is analyzed systematically using a tailor-made random versus block siloxane copolymer system. While the side alkyl chains of the random siloxane undergo a stepwise order–disorder (OD) transition to form well-ordered orthorhombic structure at low temperature,…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

Predicting the location of weld line in microinjection-molded polyethylene via molecular orientation distribution

Liao, Tao; Zhao, Xintong; Yang, Xiao; Whiteside, Ben; Coates, Phil; Jiang, Zhiyong; Men, Yongfeng

The microstructure and molecular orientation distribution over both the length and the thickness of microinjection-molded linear low-density polyethylene with a weld line were characterized as a function of processing parameters using small-angle X-ray scattering and wide-angle X-ray diffraction techniques. The weld line was introduced via recombination of two separated melt…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisOtherProteins & DNA/RNAStructural biologyTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

Synthesis of Anthracene Conjugates of Truncated Antifreeze Protein Sequences: Effect of the End Group and Photocontrolled Dimerization on Ice Recrystallization Inhibition Activity

Graham, Ben; Fayter, Alice E. R.; Gibson, Matthew I.

Biomacromolecular antifreezes distinguish ice from water, function by binding to specific planes of ice, and could have many applications from cryobiology to aerospace where ice is a problem. In biology, antifreeze protein (AFP) activity is regulated by protein expression levels via temperature and light-regulated expression systems, but in the laboratory…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSSelf-assembled materialTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

Periodic Polyethylene Sulfonates from Polyesterification: Bulk and Nanoparticle Morphologies and Ionic Conductivities

Rank, Christina; Yan, Lu; Mecking, Stefan; Winey, Karen I.

A series of polyethylene-like ionomers with periodic sulfonate groups were synthesized by polyesterification of octatetracontane-1,48-diol and tetrabutylammonium dimethyl sulfosuccinate. Optional cation exchange in aqueous dispersions replaced the NBu4+ counterions for Na+ or Cs+. The defined periodic microstructure of the polymers leads to the formation of layered structures in bulk and…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

Crystallization of forms I? and form II of polybutene-1 in stretched polypropylene/polybutene-1 blends

Xu, Yao; Ma, Yaping; Liu, Chenguang; Men, Yongfeng; He, Aihua

In this work, the effects of orientated crystal morphology of polypropylene (PP) induced by tensile stretching on the subsequent crystallization behavior of polybutene-1 (PB-1) in the incompatible PP/PB-1 (50/50) blends were studied. When the PP/PB-1 blends were stretched at a temperature above melting temperature (Tm) of PB-1 but below the…