Thin films

(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Surface modification of ZnO electron transport layers with glycine for efficient inverted non-fullerene polymer solar cells

Zhu, Xiaoqian; Guo, Bing; Fang, Jin; Zhai, Tianshu; Wang, Yanan; Li, Guangwei; Zhang, Jianqi; Wei, Zhixiang; Duhm, Steffen; Guo, Xia; Zhang, Maojie; Li, Yongfang

Interfacial engineering is crucial to improve the photovoltaic performance of polymer solar cells (PSCs). In this study, we demonstrate efficient inverted non-fullerene PSCs with ZnO modified by nontoxic glycine (Gly) as the electron transport layer (ETL). With the modification of Gly, work function of the ETL interlayer was decreased from…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Highly Ordered Semiconducting Polymer Arrays for Sensitive Photodetectors

Wei, Xiao; Gao, Hanfei; Feng, Jiangang; Pi, Yueyang; Zhang, Bo; Zhai, Yu; Wen, Wen; He, Mingqian; Matthews, James R.; Wang, Hongxiang; Li, Yang; Jiang, Shimei; Jiang, Lei; Wu, Yuchen

Semiconducting conjugated polymers possess attractive optoelectronic properties and low-cost solution processability and are inherently mechanically flexible. However, the device performance is susceptible to the fabrication methods because of the relatively weak intermolecular interaction of the polymers and their inherent conformational and energetic disorder. An efficient fabrication technique…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Large Crystalline Domains and an Enhanced Exciton Diffusion Length Enable Efficient Organic Solar Cells

Zhang, Yiwei; Sajjad, Muhammad T.; Blaszczyk, Oskar; Parnell, Andrew J.; Ruseckas, Arvydas; Serrano, Luis A.; Cooke, Graeme; Samuel, Ifor D. W.

We studied crystallinity and exciton harvesting in bulk heterojunctions of the semiconducting polymer PffBT4T-2OD and electron acceptor PC71BM that are used to make highly efficient organic solar cells. Grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering shows that the size of crystalline domains of PffBT4T-2OD increases to ?18 nm in photovoltaic blends upon…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Overcoming the energy loss in asymmetrical non-fullerene acceptor-based polymer solar cells by halogenation of polymer donors

Fan, Qunping; Liu, Tao; Gao, Wei; Xiao, Yiqun; Wu, Jingnan; Su, Wenyan; Guo, Xia; Lu, Xinhui; Yang, Chuluo; Yan, He; Zhang, Maojie; Li, Yongfang

To achieve efficient polymer solar cells (PSCs), it is important to overcome the energy loss (Eloss) from the optical bandgap to the open-circuit voltage (Voc) of the device by properly matching donor/acceptor (D/A) photovoltaic materials. Here, we develop efficient PSCs based on the absorption complementary pairs of halogenated polymer donors…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energyTechniqueThin films

Enhanced gas barrier property of stacking-controlled reduced graphene oxide films for encapsulation of polymer solar cells

Sung, Sae Jin; Park, Jisoo; Cho, Young Shik; Gihm, Se Hoon; Yang, Seung Jae; Park, Chong Rae

Compact stacking of building blocks is essential in order to utilize the impermeable nature of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) for encapsulating barriers in organic electronics. To obtain the desired accumulation characteristic, rGO films were fabricated via spraying process using phase-controlled graphene oxide (GO) dispersion. The rGO laminate prepared from the…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Revisiting the Role of Graphene Quantum Dots in Ternary Organic Solar Cells: Insights into the Nanostructure Reconstruction and Effective Förster Resonance Energy Transfer

Sung, Sae Jin; Kim, Jae Ho; Gihm, Se Hoon; Park, Jisoo; Cho, Young Shik; Yang, Seung Jae; Park, Chong Rae

Recent studies have introduced the graphene quantum dot (GQD) as a third material for the bulk-heterojunction polymer:fullerene solar cell (PSC) to improve light conversion efficiency. Although exciton generation/dissociation and carrier transport in the GQD-incorporated light-absorbing layer are strongly influenced by the ternary component, detailed analysis on the role of GQD…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOtherSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Nano-confined crystallization of organic ultrathin nanostructure arrays with programmable geometries

Gao, Hanfei; Qiu, Yuchen; Feng, Jiangang; Li, Shuang; Wang, Huijie; Zhao, Yuyan; Wei, Xiao; Jiang, Xiangyu; Su, Yewang; Wu, Yuchen; Jiang, Lei

Fabricating ultrathin organic semiconductor nanostructures attracts wide attention towards integrated electronic and optoelectronic applications. However, the fabrication of ultrathin organic nanostructures with precise alignment, tunable morphology and high crystallinity for device integration remains challenging. Herein, an assembly technique for fabricating ultrathin organic single-crystal…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Random Organic Nanolaser Arrays for Cryptographic Primitives

Feng, Jiangang; Wen, Wen; Wei, Xiao; Jiang, Xiangyu; Cao, Moyuan; Wang, Xuedong; Zhang, Xiqi; Jiang, Lei; Wu, Yuchen

Next-generation high-security cryptography and communication call for nondeterministic generation and efficient authentication of unclonable bit sequences. Physical unclonable functions using inherent randomness in material and device fabrication process have emerged as promising candidates for realizing one-way cryptographic systems that avoid duplication and attacks. However, previous…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialMetalsRenewable energyShapeSizeTechniqueThin films

Stabilizing Silver Window Electrodes for Organic Photovoltaics Using a Mercaptosilane Monolayer

Lee, Jaemin; Walker, Marc; Varagnolo, Silvia; Huband, Steven; Hatton, Ross A.

A single layer of the bifunctional molecule 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane is shown to be remarkably effective at improving the stability of optically thin silver film electrodes toward spontaneous morphological change and oxidation by airborne sulfur. Inclusion of this layer in the novel transparent electrode WO3(30 nm)/silver (13 nm)/sol–gel ZnO (27 nm) at…
12 March 2021