Category

Fractal dimension

(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Single-Junction Organic Solar Cell with over 15% Efficiency Using Fused-Ring Acceptor with Electron-Deficient Core

Yuan, Jun; Zhang, Yunqiang; Zhou, Liuyang; Zhang, Guichuan; Yip, Hin-Lap; Lau, Tsz-Ki; Lu, Xinhui; Zhu, Can; Peng, Hongjian; Johnson, Paul A.; Leclerc, Mario; Cao, Yong; Ulanski, Jacek; Li, Yongfang; Zou, Yingping

Summary Recently, non-fullerene n-type organic semiconductors have attracted significant attention as acceptors in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) due to their great potential to realize high-power conversion efficiencies. The rational design of the central fused ring unit of these acceptor molecules is crucial to maximize device performance. Here, we report a new…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Charge carrier transport and nanomorphology control for efficient non-fullerene organic solar cells

Hu, Hanlin; Deng, Wanyuan; Qin, Minchao; Yin, Hang; Lau, Tsz-Ki; Fong, Patrick W. K.; Ren, Zhiwei; Liang, Qiong; Cui, Li; Wu, Hongbin; Lu, Xinhui; Zhang, Weimin; McCulloch, Iain; Li, Gang

Single junction organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs) have exceeded 15% power conversion efficiency (PCE) with the help of fused ring based low-bandgap non-fullerene acceptors (NFAs). As a major type of NFA, the indacenodithiophene derivative NFA (IDTBR) has been shown to have superior OPV stability with outstanding VOC, but the efficiency is…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

A highly transparent and ultra-stretchable conductor with stable conductivity during large deformation

Lei, Zhouyue; Wu, Peiyi

Intrinsically stretchable conductors have undergone rapid development in the past few years and a variety of strategies have been established to improve their electro-mechanical properties. However, ranging from electronically to ionically conductive materials, they are usually vulnerable either to large deformation or at high/low temperatures, mainly due to the fact…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Simply planarizing nonfused perylene diimide based acceptors toward promising non-fullerene solar cells

Bian, Gao-Feng; Zhao, Feng; Lau, Tsz-Ki; Sheng, Chun-Qi; Lu, Xinhui; Du, Hui; Zhang, Cheng; Qu, Zhi-Rong; Chen, Hongzheng; Wan, Jun-Hua

This work focuses on developing high-efficiency perylene diimide (PDI)-based small molecular nonfullerene acceptors with a simple synthetic strategy. We reported a new electron acceptor, Py-e-PDI, obtained via cross-coupling four PDI units with a planar pyrene core through ethynyl groups. Although the ring-fusion synthetic procedure was omitted, the large planar core…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTemperature

Ordered structure effects on β-nucleated isotactic polypropylene/graphene oxide composites with different thermal histories

Yu, Yansong; Xu, Ruizhang; Chen, Jinyao; Kang, Jian; Xiang, Ming; Li, Yuanjie; Li, Lu; Sheng, Xingyue

In this paper, the influence of ordered structure effects (OSE) on crystallization behaviors of b-nucleated isotactic polypropylene/graphene oxide (b-iPP/GO) composites with different thermal histories, which crystallized at a slow cooling rate (called SLOW), fast cooling rate (called FAST) and medium cooling rate (called MED), respectively, was studied by differential scanning…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Dielectric and flash DSC investigations on an epoxy based nanocomposite system with MgAl layered double hydroxide as nanofiller

Szymoniak, Paulina; Li, Zhi; Wang, De-Yi; Schönhals, Andreas

Nanocomposites based on MgAL layered double hydroxides (LDH) and an epoxy resin were prepared and investigated by a combination of complementary methods. As epoxy resin Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (DGEBA) was used with Diethylenetriamine as curing agent. The LDH was modified with taurine, which acts as an additional crosslinking agent…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSelf-assembled materialShapeSize

Thermoreversible crystallization-driven aggregation of diblock copolymer nanoparticles in mineral oil

Derry, Matthew J.; Mykhaylyk, Oleksandr O.; Ryan, Anthony J.; Armes, Steven P.

A poly(behenyl methacrylate)37 (PBeMA37) macromolecular chain transfer agent is utilized for the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) dispersion polymerization of benzyl methacrylate (BzMA) directly in mineral oil at 90 °C. Polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) occurs under these conditions, yielding a series of sterically-stabilized PBeMA37-PBzMA …
(Hydro)gelsApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFoodFood scienceFractal dimensionMaterialSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

How rheological behaviors of concentrated starch affect graft copolymerization of acrylamide and resultant hydrogel

Bao, Xianyang; Yu, Long; Shen, Shirley; Simon, George P.; Liu, Hongsheng; Chen, Ling

Corn starches with different amylose/amylopectin ratios were used to explore the effect of rheological behaviors of concentrated system on the graft copolymerization of acrylamide and resultant hydrogels, which sheds a light on their reactive extrusion process. The viscoelastic moduli of starch melts increased with increasing amylose content (AC), leading to…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTemperature

Unique Isodimorphism of Poly(decamethylene succinate-ran-decamethylene fumarate): Large Pseudoeutectic Region and Fantastic Crystallization/Melting Behavior

Ye, Hai-Mu; Wang, Jing; Wang, Cai-Shui; Li, Hong-Fang

Poly(decamethylene succinate-ran-decamethylene fumarate)s (PDSFs) were synthesized, and their structure and crystallization behavior were systematically studied. All polyesters possess high crystallizability irrespective of composition and display the widest pseudoeutectic region that has been reported to date. Nevertheless, both melting point– and crystallization temperature–composition…