(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialParticle interactionsPolymer researchSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Revisiting the Dissolution of Cellulose in NaOH as “Seen” by X-rays

Martin-Bertelsen, Birte; Andersson, Erika; Köhnke, Tobias; Hedlund, Artur; Stigsson, Lars; Olsson, Ulf

Cotton production is reaching a global limit, leading to a growing demand for bio-based textile fibers produced by other means. Textile fibers based on regenerated cellulose from wood holds great potential, but in order to produce fibers, the components need to be dissolved in suitable solvents. Furthermore, the dissolution process…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisPorous materialRenewable energySAXSTechnique

Novel S-doped ordered mesoporous carbon nanospheres toward advanced lithium metal anodes

Zhang, Fei; Liu, Xiaoyan; Yang, Menghua; Cao, Xiaoqing; Huang, Xingyu; Tian, Yue; Zhang, Fang; Li, Hexing

Lithium metal anode has been considered as an ideal anode for the next generation lithium batteries owing to its high energy density. However, its practical application is still limited by the low Coulombic efficiency and poor safety performance due to the lithium dendrites caused by uncontrollable lithium deposition and unstable…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialOtherSAXSTechnique

Identifying the Superstability Landscapes of Clay–Carbon Nanosheet Suspensions

Kumar, Sanjay; Harikrishnan, G.

Using a combination of several experiments, we identify the landscapes of the widely reported superstability of suspensions formed by codispersion of nanosheets of clay and carbon. Primarily, two distinct, abrupt transitions within this superstability are observed. This observation made on a series of model laponite–graphene oxide superstable two-dimensional sheet suspensions…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherRenewable energySAXSTechniqueTemperature

An “interaction-mediating” strategy towards enhanced solubility and redox properties of organics for aqueous flow batteries

Huang, Zhifeng; Kay, Christopher W. M.; Kuttich, Björn; Rauber, Daniel; Kraus, Tobias; Li, Hongjiao; Kim, Sangwon; Chen, Ruiyong

Aqueous redox flow batteries using electroactive organic materials are currently attracting significant attention. However, the influence of supporting electrolytes on the aqueous solubility, electrochemical reversibility and chemical stability of the organic components has rarely been investigated. Here, a new electrolyte design strategy towards enhanced solubility and chemical stability of…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionInorganic materialMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesPhase analysisSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Unraveling the Role of Alkali Cations in the Growth Mechanism of Gd2O2S Nanoparticles

Larquet, Clément; Carriere, David; Nguyen, Anh-Minh; Le, Thi Kim-Chi; Frogneux-Plé, Xavier; Génois, Isabelle; Le Griel, Patrick; Gauzzi, Andrea; Sanchez, Clément; Carenco, Sophie

Alkali cations are required for the colloidal synthesis of Ln2O2S nanoplates in organic solvent. Based on a thorough experimental analysis using various lanthanides and three alkali ions, we challenge the commonly accepted scenario of partial lanthanide substitution by the alkali, which is supposed to favor the sulfide insertion over the…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle interactionsParticle size and size distributionPolymer researchSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Effects of Hairy Nanoparticles on Polymer Crystallization Kinetics

Jimenez, Andrew M.; Krauskopf, Alejandro A.; Pérez-Camargo, Ricardo A.; Zhao, Dan; Pribyl, Julia; Jestin, Jacques; Benicewicz, Brian C.; Müller, Alejandro J.; Kumar, Sanat K.

We previously showed that nanoparticles (NPs) could be ordered into structures by using the growth rate of polymer crystals as the control variable. In particular, for slow enough spherulitic growth fronts, the NPs grafted with amorphous polymer chains are selectively moved into the interlamellar, interfibrillar, and interspherulitic zones of a…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPorous materialRenewable energySAXSSizeTechnique

Application of Experimental Design to Hydrogen Storage: Optimisation of Lignin-Derived Carbons

Rowlandson, Jemma L.; Coombs OBrien, James; Edler, Karen J.; Tian, Mi; Ting, Valeska P.

Lignin is a significant by-product of the paper pulping and biofuel industries. Upgrading lignin to a high-value product is essential for the economic viability of biorefineries for bioethanol production and environmentally benign pulping processes. In this work, the feasibility of lignin-derived activated carbons for hydrogen storage was studied using a…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Ultrastructural modeling of small angle scattering from photosynthetic membranes

Jakubauskas, Dainius; Kowalewska, Lucja; Sokolova, Anna V.; Garvey, Christopher J.; Mortensen, Kell; Jensen, Poul Erik; Kirkensgaard, Jacob J. K.

The last decade has seen a range of studies using non-invasive neutron and X-ray techniques to probe the ultrastructure of a variety of photosynthetic membrane systems. A common denominator in this work is the lack of an explicitly formulated underlying structural model, ultimately leading to ambiguity in the data interpretation.…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Nanofiller Dispersion, Morphology, Mechanical Behavior, and Electrical Properties of Nanostructured Styrene-Butadiene-Based Triblock Copolymer/CNT Composites

Staudinger, Ulrike; Satapathy, Bhabani K.; Jehnichen, Dieter

A nanostructured linear triblock copolymer based on styrene and butadiene with lamellar morphology is filled with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) of up to 1 wt% by melt compounding. This study deals with the dispersability of the MWCNTs within the nanostructured matrix and its consequent impact on block copolymer (BCP) morphology,…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle interactionsParticlesPhase analysisSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Short and Soft: Multidomain Organization, Tunable Dynamics, and Jamming in Suspensions of Grafted Colloidal Cylinders with a Small Aspect Ratio

Parisi, Daniele; Ruan, Yingbo; Ochbaum, Guy; Silmore, Kevin S.; Cullari, Lucas L.; Liu, Chen-Yang; Bitton, Ronit; Regev, Oren; Swan, James W.; Loppinet, Benoit; Vlassopoulos, Dimitris

The yet virtually unexplored class of soft colloidal rods with a small aspect ratio is investigated and shown to exhibit a very rich phase and dynamic behavior, spanning from liquid to nearly melt state. Instead of the nematic order, these short and soft nanocylinders alter their organization with increasing concentration…
12 March 2021