(Natural) polymers

(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle interactionsParticle size and size distributionPolymer researchSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Effects of Hairy Nanoparticles on Polymer Crystallization Kinetics

Jimenez, Andrew M.; Krauskopf, Alejandro A.; Pérez-Camargo, Ricardo A.; Zhao, Dan; Pribyl, Julia; Jestin, Jacques; Benicewicz, Brian C.; Müller, Alejandro J.; Kumar, Sanat K.

We previously showed that nanoparticles (NPs) could be ordered into structures by using the growth rate of polymer crystals as the control variable. In particular, for slow enough spherulitic growth fronts, the NPs grafted with amorphous polymer chains are selectively moved into the interlamellar, interfibrillar, and interspherulitic zones of a…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

A facile approach to thermomechanically enhanced fatty acid-containing bioplastics using metal–ligand coordination

Lamm, Meghan E.; Song, Lingzhi; Wang, Zhongkai; Lamm, Benjamin; Fu, Lin; Tang, Chuanbing

Biomass-based polymers show promise for the mitigation of environmental issues associated with petroleum-derived commodity polymers; however, due to poor entanglement, many of these polymers typically lack mechanical strength and toughness. Herein, we report a facile approach to utilizing metal–ligand coordination to create physical crosslinking, and thus chain entanglements for plant…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Nanofiller Dispersion, Morphology, Mechanical Behavior, and Electrical Properties of Nanostructured Styrene-Butadiene-Based Triblock Copolymer/CNT Composites

Staudinger, Ulrike; Satapathy, Bhabani K.; Jehnichen, Dieter

A nanostructured linear triblock copolymer based on styrene and butadiene with lamellar morphology is filled with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) of up to 1 wt% by melt compounding. This study deals with the dispersability of the MWCNTs within the nanostructured matrix and its consequent impact on block copolymer (BCP) morphology,…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle interactionsParticlesPhase analysisSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Short and Soft: Multidomain Organization, Tunable Dynamics, and Jamming in Suspensions of Grafted Colloidal Cylinders with a Small Aspect Ratio

Parisi, Daniele; Ruan, Yingbo; Ochbaum, Guy; Silmore, Kevin S.; Cullari, Lucas L.; Liu, Chen-Yang; Bitton, Ronit; Regev, Oren; Swan, James W.; Loppinet, Benoit; Vlassopoulos, Dimitris

The yet virtually unexplored class of soft colloidal rods with a small aspect ratio is investigated and shown to exhibit a very rich phase and dynamic behavior, spanning from liquid to nearly melt state. Instead of the nematic order, these short and soft nanocylinders alter their organization with increasing concentration…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOtherRenewable energyTechnique

Effect of Solvent Additives on the Morphology and Device Performance of Printed Nonfullerene Acceptor Based Organic Solar Cells

Wienhold, Kerstin S.; Körstgens, Volker; Grott, Sebastian; Jiang, Xinyu; Schwartzkopf, Matthias; Roth, Stephan V.; Müller-Buschbaum, Peter

Printing of active layers of high-efficiency organic solar cells and morphology control by processing with varying solvent additive concentrations are important to realize real-world use of bulk-heterojunction photovoltaics as it enables both up-scaling and optimization of the device performance. In this work, active layers of the conjugated polymer with benzodithiophene…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLiquid crystalsMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Tough Ordered Mesoporous Elastomeric Biomaterials Formed at Ambient Conditions

Rajasekharan, Anand K.; Gyllensten, Christoffer; Blomstrand, Edvin; Liebi, Marianne; Andersson, Martin

Synthetic dry elastomers are randomly cross-linked polymeric networks with isotropic and unordered higher-level structural features. However, their growing use as soft-tissue biomaterials has demanded the need for an ordered and anisotropic nano-micro (or) mesoarchitecture, which is crucial for imparting specific properties such as hierarchical toughening, anisotropic mechanics, sustained drug…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialParticle interactionsPolymer researchSAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Revisiting the Dissolution of Cellulose in NaOH as “Seen” by X-rays

Martin-Bertelsen, Birte; Andersson, Erika; Köhnke, Tobias; Hedlund, Artur; Stigsson, Lars; Olsson, Ulf

Cotton production is reaching a global limit, leading to a growing demand for bio-based textile fibers produced by other means. Textile fibers based on regenerated cellulose from wood holds great potential, but in order to produce fibers, the components need to be dissolved in suitable solvents. Furthermore, the dissolution process…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherRenewable energySAXSTechniqueTemperature

An “interaction-mediating” strategy towards enhanced solubility and redox properties of organics for aqueous flow batteries

Huang, Zhifeng; Kay, Christopher W. M.; Kuttich, Björn; Rauber, Daniel; Kraus, Tobias; Li, Hongjiao; Kim, Sangwon; Chen, Ruiyong

Aqueous redox flow batteries using electroactive organic materials are currently attracting significant attention. However, the influence of supporting electrolytes on the aqueous solubility, electrochemical reversibility and chemical stability of the organic components has rarely been investigated. Here, a new electrolyte design strategy towards enhanced solubility and chemical stability of…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPhase analysisPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Facile treatment to fine-tune cellulose crystals in cellulose-silk biocomposites through hydrogen peroxide

Love, Stacy A.; Popov, Elizabeth; Rybacki, Karleena; Hu, Xiao; Salas-de la Cruz, David

The modulation of structural fibrous protein and polysaccharide biopolymers for the design of biomaterials is still relatively challenging due to the non-trivial nature of the transformation from a biopolymer's native state to a more usable form. To gain insight into the nature of the molecular interaction between silk and cellulose…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Surface modification of ZnO electron transport layers with glycine for efficient inverted non-fullerene polymer solar cells

Zhu, Xiaoqian; Guo, Bing; Fang, Jin; Zhai, Tianshu; Wang, Yanan; Li, Guangwei; Zhang, Jianqi; Wei, Zhixiang; Duhm, Steffen; Guo, Xia; Zhang, Maojie; Li, Yongfang

Interfacial engineering is crucial to improve the photovoltaic performance of polymer solar cells (PSCs). In this study, we demonstrate efficient inverted non-fullerene PSCs with ZnO modified by nontoxic glycine (Gly) as the electron transport layer (ETL). With the modification of Gly, work function of the ETL interlayer was decreased from…
12 March 2021