ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersFractal dimensionMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSAXSTechnique

4D biofabrication of skeletal muscle microtissues

Apsite, Indra; Uribe, Juan Manuel; Posada, Andrés Fernando; Rosenfeldt, Sabine; Salehi, Sahar; Ionov, Leonid

Skeletal muscle is one of the most abundant tissues in the body. Although it has a relatively good regeneration capacity, it cannot heal in the case of disease or severe damage. Many current tissue engineering strategies fall short due to the complex structure of skeletal muscle. Biofabrication techniques have emerged…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherOtherSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Bacteria-Resistant, Transparent, Free-Standing Films Prepared from Complex Coacervates

Kurtz, Irene S.; Sui, Shuo; Hao, Xi; Huang, Mengfei; Perry, Sarah L.; Schiffman, Jessica D.

We report the fabrication, properties, and bacteria-resistance of polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) coatings and free-standing films. Poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid), poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride), and salt were spin-coated into PEC films. After thermal annealing in a humid environment, highly transparent, mechanically strong, and chemically robust films were formed. Notably, we demonstrate…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsMaterialOtherPhase analysisSAXSSizeTechniqueTemperature

Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity of (thio)alkyl hexopyranosides, nonionic glycolipid mimetics

Džubák, Petr; Gurská, So?a; Bogdanová, Kate?ina; Uhríková, Daniela; Kanjaková, Nina; Combet, Sophie; Klunda, Tomáš; Kolá?, Milan; Hajdúch, Marian; Poláková, Monika

A series of 19 synthetic alkyl and thioalkyl glycosides derived from d-mannose, d-glucose and d-galactose and having C10–C16 aglycone were investigated for cytotoxic activity against 7 human cancer and 2 non-tumor cell lines as well as for antimicrobial potential on 12 bacterial and yeast strains. The most potent compounds were…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPolymer researchSAXSSelf-assembled materialTechnique

Tailoring the pore size and permeability of isoporous membranes through blending with poly(ethylene glycol): Toward the balance of macro- and microphase separation

Yang, Cao-ying; Zhu, Guo-dong; Yi, Zhuan; Qiu, Ya-yu; Liu, Li-fen; Gao, Cong-jie

Isoporous membranes prepared from the combination of self-assembly and non-solvent induced phase inversion (SNIPS) were known for their asymmetric structures that were characterized with an isoporous top layer and porous/interconnected sublayer. This unique feature provides an opportunity to tailor the structure on toplayer and sublayer separately or synchronously by adjusting…
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsOtherSAXSTechnique

Physicochemical Properties of the Binary Mixtures of CuII-Containing Chelate-Based Ionic Liquids with Linear Alcohols

Zhang, Songna; Wang, Yongtao; Wang, Xinyu; Yao, Jia; Li, Haoran

Systematic measurements (densities, viscosities, conductivities) combined with small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) experiments were performed for binary mixtures of CuII-containing chelate-based ionic liquid (ChIL) with linear alcohols. The experimental results were explained by disruption of alcohols to ionic aggregation of the ChILs. Viscosity deviations (??) of four binary systems all show…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSAXSTechnique

Nanofibril Organization in Silk Fiber as Inspiration for Ductile and Damage-Tolerant Fiber Design

Lin, Shihui; Ye, Chao; Zhang, Wenwen; Xu, Anchang; Chen, Shixian; Ren, Jing; Ling, Shengjie

Ductile and damage-tolerant fibers (DDTFs) are desired in aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, and biomedical engineering because of their ability to prevent the catastrophic sudden structural/mechanical failure. However, in practice, design and fabrication of DDTFs remain a major challenge due to finite fiber size and limited processing techniques. In this regard,…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSAXSTechnique

Biomimetic Mineralized Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Macrofiber with Spider Silk-Like Supertoughness

Yu, Yadong; He, Yan; Mu, Zhao; Zhao, Yueqi; Kong, Kangren; Liu, Zhaoming; Tang, Ruikang

Spider silk fibers (SSF) have a hierarchical structure composed of proteins with highly repetitive sequences and biomineralization is sophisticated in hierarchical organic–inorganic constructions. By using inorganic hydroxyapatite (HAP) and organic polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to simulate the rigid crystalline and flexible amorphous protein blocks of SSF, respectively, biomimetic mineralization is…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsOtherOtherSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Time resolved alkali silicate decondensation by sodium hydroxide solution

Dupuis, Romain; Rodrigues, Donatien Gomes; Champenois, Jean-Baptiste; Pellenq, Roland; Poulesquen, Arnaud

Silica is by far the chemical compound the most widespread and used around the world: as a raw product in the buildings and roads industry, as concrete, or as a processed product in the manufacture of glass, ceramics or zeolites. In alkali silicate solutions – often used to synthesize those…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersFood scienceMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSAXSTechnique

Cell wall structure and composition is affected by light quality in tomato seedlings

Falcioni, Renan; Moriwaki, Thaise; Perez-Llorca, Marina; Munné-Bosch, Sergi; Gibin, Mariana Sversut; Sato, Francielle; Pelozo, Andressa; Pattaro, Mariana Carmona; Giacomelli, Marina Ellen; Rüggeberg, Markus; Antunes, Werner Camargos

Light affects many aspects of cell development. Tomato seedlings growing at different light qualities (white, blue, green, red, far-red) and in the dark displayed alterations in cell wall structure and composition. A strong and negative correlation was found between cell wall thickness and hypocotyl growth. Cell walls was thicker under…
(Hydro)gelsApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPhase analysisPorous materialSAXSTechnique

Highly Stretchable Photonic Crystal Hydrogels for a Sensitive Mechanochromic Sensor and Direct Ink Writing

Chen, Jiayao; Xu, Lirong; Yang, Meijia; Chen, Xiaochuan; Chen, Xudong; Hong, Wei

Photonic crystals, which are materials with periodic dielectric constants on the submicroscale, have been the focus of research for an extended period. Photonic soft materials have been extensively developed for use as colorimetric indicators and mechanochromic sensors, but their limited mechanical properties and molding characteristics only suitable for films restrict…