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ApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialPorous materialRenewable energySAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Dental Resin Monomer Enables Unique NbO2/Carbon Lithium-Ion Battery Negative Electrode with Exceptional Performance

Ji, Qing; Gao, Xiangwen; Zhang, Qiuju; Jin, Liyu; Wang, Da; Xia, Yonggao; Yin, Shanshan; Xia, Senlin; Hohn, Nuri; Zuo, Xiuxia; Wang, Xiaoyan; Xie, Shuang; Xu, Zhuijun; Ma, Liujia; Chen, Liang; Chen, George Z.; Zhu, Jin; Hu, Binjie; Müller?Buschbaum, Peter; Bruce, Peter G.; Cheng, Ya-Jun

Niobium dioxide (NbO2) features a high theoretical capacity and an outstanding electron conductivity, which makes it a promising alternative to the commercial graphite negative electrode. However, studies on NbO2 based lithium-ion battery negative electrodes have been rarely reported. In the present work, NbO2 nanoparticles homogeneously embedded in a carbon matrix…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Tunable Fluorophobic Effect Determines Nanoparticle Dispersion in Homopolymers and Block Polymers

Marsh, Zachary M.; Blom, Douglas A.; Stefik, Morgan

The controlled placement of nanoparticles (NPs) within homopolymers and block polymers is of broad interest for functional nanomaterials. This manuscript focuses on small molecule-stabilized NPs that bring a large fraction of functionality. For such NP mixtures with block polymers, the overwhelming focus to date has been the use of attractive…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Comparative Study of Direct Compounding, Coupling Agent-Aided and Initiator-Aided Reactive Extrusion to Prepare Cellulose Nanocrystal/PHBV (CNC/PHBV) Nanocomposite

Zheng, Ting; Clemons, Craig M.; Pilla, Srikanth

Three compounding methods were compared to determine their effects on the organization of the interphase in nanocomposites of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) processed via (1) direct compounding, (2) reactive extrusion using a coupling agent (PHBV-g-GMA), or (3) reactive extrusion using a peroxide free-radical initiator (dicumyl peroxide,…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Gradient crystallinity and its influence on the poly(vinylidene fluoride)/poly(methyl methacrylate) membrane-derived by immersion precipitation method

Remanan, Sanjay; Ghosh, Sabyasachi; Das, Tushar Kanti; Sharma, Maya; Bose, Madhuparna; Bose, Suryasarathi; Das, Amit Kumar; Das, Narayan Chandra

Herein, phase inversion poly(vinylidene fluoride)/poly(methyl methacrylate) (PVDF/PMMA) microporous membranes were prepared at various PMMA concentration by immersion precipitation method. Increment in the PMMA concentration has a significant influence in the PVDF membrane crystallinity, which is studied by differential scanning calorimeter, X-ray diffractometer, and small-angle X-ray scattering…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionInorganic materialsMaterialSAXSSizeTechnique

Effective corrosion protection by eco-friendly self-healing PMMA-cerium oxide coatings

Harb, Samarah Vargas; Trentin, Andressa; de Souza, Thiago Augusto Carneiro; Magnani, Marina; Pulcinelli, Sandra Helena; Santilli, Celso Valentim; Hammer, Peter

Metallic alloys are extensively used in many technological applications, however their susceptibility to corrosion causes huge economical losses and can result in failure of critical components. Aiming to obtain environmentally friendly, self-healing and high efficient anticorrosive coatings, organic-inorganic hybrids consisting of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) covalently bonded to CeO2/Ce2O3…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialOtherOtherPolymer researchSAXSSizeTechnique

Phase separation and performance of polyethersulfone/cellulose nanocrystals membranes

Lessan, Fatemeh; Karimi, Mohammad; Bañuelos, Jose Leobardo; Foudazi, Reza

We investigate the effect of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) as a hydrophilic nanoparticle on the characteristics of polyethersulfone (PES) based membranes. The membranes are fabricated using typical nonsolvent induced phase separation (NIPS) method. We study the radius of gyration and aggregation of PES in dimethylformamide in the presence of CNC, the…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Correlation between mechanical properties and microscopic structures of an optimized silica fraction in silicone rubber

Liu, Dong; Song, Lixian; Song, Hongtao; Chen, Jie; Tian, Qiang; Chen, Liang; Sun, Liangwei; Lu, Ai; Huang, Chaoqiang; Sun, Guangai

The mechanical properties and the hierarchical filler structures were characterized on a series silica-filled silicone rubber with a filler fraction (?Si) varied from 0.05?phr to 80?phr (parts per hundred rubber). Uniaxial elongation measurement suggests that there is a percolation threshold between 10 and 30?phr. Moreover, an optimum ?Si range from…
ApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialParticlesRenewable energySAXSSizeTechnique

Synergistic effects from super-small sized TiO2 and SiOx nanoparticles within TiO2/SiOx/carbon nanohybrid lithium-ion battery anode

Wang, Xiaoyan; Xia, Yonggao; Zuo, Xiuxia; Schaper, Simon J.; Yin, Shanshan; Ji, Qing; Liang, Suzhe; Yang, Zhaohui; Xia, Senlin; Xiao, Ying; Zhu, Jin; Müller-Buschbaum, Peter; Cheng, Ya-Jun

TiO2/SiOx/carbon nanohybrid consisting of super-small sized TiO2 and SiOx nanoparticles is in situ formed within the in situ formed carbon matrix using difunctional methacrylate monomers as solvent and carbon source. The relative composition of TiO2 and SiOx is systematically tuned by varying the feeding mass ratio of the precursors (TEOS/TTIP)…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Effect of processing conditions on the mechanical properties of bio-inspired mechanical gradient nanocomposites

Zhang, Yefei; Edelbrock, Alexandra N.; Rowan, Stuart J.

Photo-induced thiol-ene crosslinking of allyl-functionalized cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)/polymer nanocomposites allows access to films that mimic the water-enhanced mechanical gradient characteristics of the squid beak. These films are prepared by mixing the functionalized CNCs and polymer in a solvent before solution casting and drying. The photocrosslinking agents are then imbibed into…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialParticlesPolymer researchPore size and pore size distributionSAXSShapeTechnique

Understanding the Static Interfacial Polymer Layer by Exploring the Dispersion States of Nanocomposites

Genix, Anne-Caroline; Bocharova, Vera; Carroll, Bobby; Lehmann, Michelle; Saito, Tomonori; Krueger, Susan; He, Lilin; Dieudonné-George, Philippe; Sokolov, Alexei P.; Oberdisse, Julian

The dynamic and static properties of the interfacial region between polymer and nanoparticles have wide-ranging consequences on performances of nanomaterials. The thickness and density of the static layer are particularly difficult to assess experimentally due to superimposing nanoparticle interactions. Here, we tune the dispersion of silica nanoparticles in nanocomposites by…