ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialsOrientation analysisTechniqueWAXS

Macroscopic interpretation of nano-scale scattering data in clay

Birmpilis, G.; Ahmadi-Naghadeh, R.; Dijkstra, J.

Géotechnique Letters, 2019,



The potential of X-ray scattering measurements for monitoring changes on the nano-scale in fine-grained materials in their natural wet state is demonstrated with a series of feasibility tests on well-controlled kaolin samples – that is, water content, pH and loading history. The results indicate that subtle changes on the nanometric scale, especially the particle orientations, can be measured with high fidelity using a standard laboratory small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering instrument. This opens up possibilities for future in situ loading tests with simultaneous monitoring of the evolving changes of the fabric in fine-grained soils.

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