Structural biology

ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Ultrastructural modeling of small angle scattering from photosynthetic membranes

Jakubauskas, Dainius; Kowalewska, Lucja; Sokolova, Anna V.; Garvey, Christopher J.; Mortensen, Kell; Jensen, Poul Erik; Kirkensgaard, Jacob J. K.

The last decade has seen a range of studies using non-invasive neutron and X-ray techniques to probe the ultrastructure of a variety of photosynthetic membrane systems. A common denominator in this work is the lack of an explicitly formulated underlying structural model, ultimately leading to ambiguity in the data interpretation.…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialParticlesProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Probing the Nanostructure and Arrangement of Bacterial Magnetosomes by Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering

Rosenfeldt, Sabine; Riese, Cornelius N.; Mickoleit, Frank; Schüler, Dirk; Schenk, Anna S.

Magnetosomes are membrane-enveloped single-domain ferromagnetic nanoparticles enabling the navigation of magnetotactic bacteria along magnetic field lines. Strict control over each step of biomineralization generates particles of high crystallinity, strong magnetization, and remarkable uniformity in size and shape, which is particularly interesting for many biomedical and biotechnological…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsMaterialPhase analysisSAXSSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Immobilisation of ?-galactosidase within a lipid sponge phase: structure, stability and kinetics characterisation

Gilbert, Jennifer; Valldeperas, Maria; Dhayal, Surender K.; Barauskas, Justas; Dicko, Cedric; Nylander, Tommy

In the formulation of an active enzyme enclosed in a matrix for controlled delivery, it is a challenge to achieve a high protein load and to ensure high activity of the protein. For the first time to our knowledge, we report the use of a highly swollen lipid sponge (L3)…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialParticle interactionsProteins & DNA/RNASAXSStructural biologyTechnique

Studying Excipient Modulated Physical Stability and Viscosity of Monoclonal Antibody Formulations Using Small-Angle Scattering

Xu, Amy Yuanyuan; Castellanos, Maria Monica; Mattison, Kevin; Krueger, Susan; Curtis, Joseph E.

Excipients are substances that are added to therapeutic products to improve stability, bioavailability, and manufacturability. Undesirable protein-protein interactions (PPI) can lead to self-association and/or high solution viscosity in concentrated protein formulations that are typically greater than 50 mg/mL. Therefore, understanding the effects of excipients on nonspecific PPI is important for…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Tandem catalysis in multicomponent solvent-free biofluids

Atkins, Dylan Luke; Berrocal, José Augusto; Mason, Alexander Francesco; Voets, Ilja Karina

Enzymes are widely employed to reduce the environmental impact of chemical industries as biocatalysts improve productivity and offer high selectively under mild reaction conditions in a diverse range of chemical transformations. The poor stability of biomacromolecules under reaction conditions is often a critical bottleneck to their application. Protein engineering or…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSStructural biologyTechnique

Reproducible Preparation of Proteopolymersomes via Sequential Polymer Film Hydration and Membrane Protein Reconstitution

Loo, Siew-Leng; Siti, Winna; Thiyagarajan, Monisha; Torres, Jaume; Wang, Rong; Hu, Xiao

Film rehydration method is commonly used for membrane protein (MP) reconstitution into block copolymer (BCP), but the lack of control in the rehydration step formed a heterogeneous population of proteopolymersomes that interferes with the characterization and performance of devices incorporating them. To improve the self-assembly of polymersomes with simultaneous MP…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialParticle interactionsProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Disentangling the role of solvent polarity and protein solvation in folding and self-assembly of ?-lactalbumin

Bucciarelli, Saskia; Sayedi, Edres Sayed; Osella, Silvio; Trzaskowski, Bartosz; Vissing, Karina Juul; Vestergaard, Bente; Foderà, Vito

Protein (mis)folding, stability and aggregation are of interest in numerous fields, such as food sciences, biotechnology, and health sciences, and efforts are directed towards the elucidation of the underlying molecular mechanisms. Through an integrative approach, we show that a subtle balance between hydrogen bond formation and hydrophobic interactions defines protein…
27 January 2020
(Hydro)gelsApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Effects of charge contrast and composition on microgel formation and interactions with bacteria-mimicking liposomes

Borro, Bruno C.; Toussaint, Marie S.; Bucciarelli, Saskia; Malmsten, Martin

Microgels offer opportunities for improved delivery of antimicrobial peptides (AMP). To contribute to a foundation for rational design of such systems, we here study the effects of electrostatics on the generation of peptide-carrying microgels. For this, alginate microgels loaded with polymyxin B and cross-linked by Ca2+, were formed by electrostatic…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisOtherProteins & DNA/RNAStructural biologyTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

Synthesis of Anthracene Conjugates of Truncated Antifreeze Protein Sequences: Effect of the End Group and Photocontrolled Dimerization on Ice Recrystallization Inhibition Activity

Graham, Ben; Fayter, Alice E. R.; Gibson, Matthew I.

Biomacromolecular antifreezes distinguish ice from water, function by binding to specific planes of ice, and could have many applications from cryobiology to aerospace where ice is a problem. In biology, antifreeze protein (AFP) activity is regulated by protein expression levels via temperature and light-regulated expression systems, but in the laboratory…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biologyTechnique

Distinguishing Between Monomeric scFv and Diabody in Solution Using Light and Small Angle X-ray Scattering

Lüdel, Frank; Bufe, Sandra; Bleymüller, Willem M.; de Jonge, Hugo; Iamele, Luisa; Niemann, Hartmut H.; Hellweg, Thomas

Depending on the linker length between the V H and the V L domain, single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragments form monomers, dimers (diabodies) or higher oligomers. We aimed at generating a diabody of the anti-MET antibody 3H3 to use it as crystallization chaperone to promote crystallization of the MET ectodomain…
27 January 2020