Orientation analysis

ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersFractal dimensionMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSAXSTechnique

4D biofabrication of skeletal muscle microtissues

Apsite, Indra; Uribe, Juan Manuel; Posada, Andrés Fernando; Rosenfeldt, Sabine; Salehi, Sahar; Ionov, Leonid

Skeletal muscle is one of the most abundant tissues in the body. Although it has a relatively good regeneration capacity, it cannot heal in the case of disease or severe damage. Many current tissue engineering strategies fall short due to the complex structure of skeletal muscle. Biofabrication techniques have emerged…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Multi-scale modelling approach to homogenise the mechanical properties of polymeric closed-cell bead foams

Gebhart, Thomas M. J.; Jehnichen, Dieter; Koschichow, Roman; Müller, Michael; Göbel, Michael; Geske, Vinzenz; Stegelmann, Michael; Gude, Maik

The complex mechanical deformation behaviour of closed-cell foams is governed by morphological and physical properties such as cell structure and crystallinity. In this study, the micro-, meso- and macroscopic scale of commercially available bead foam was analysed. Statistical distribution of the cell structure including cell size, wall thickness and shape…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Comparative Study of Direct Compounding, Coupling Agent-Aided and Initiator-Aided Reactive Extrusion to Prepare Cellulose Nanocrystal/PHBV (CNC/PHBV) Nanocomposite

Zheng, Ting; Clemons, Craig M.; Pilla, Srikanth

Three compounding methods were compared to determine their effects on the organization of the interphase in nanocomposites of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) processed via (1) direct compounding, (2) reactive extrusion using a coupling agent (PHBV-g-GMA), or (3) reactive extrusion using a peroxide free-radical initiator (dicumyl peroxide,…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Structure Evolution and Deformation Behavior of Polyethylene Film during Biaxial Stretching

Chen, Qiang; Wang, Zhiwei; Zhang, Sumei; Cao, Ya; Chen, Jinyao

The structure evolution and deformation behavior of tenter-frame biaxially oriented polyethylene (TF-BOPE) films were investigated in this study. For sequential biaxial stretching, the original spherulites were broken into small pieces, and the fibrillar structure simultaneously formed during the machine direction (MD) stretching. Subsequently, the single fibrils were pulled away, and…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Tailored crystalline order of nascent polyethylene from metallocene supported on confined polystyrene

Wu, Yanjie; Yang, Huaqin; Li, Wei; Mattea, Carlos; Stapf, Siegfried; Zhang, Letian; Ye, Chunlin; Ye, Xiaofeng

Building the desirable superstructure of polyethylene is one of the important topics for developing high value-added products, which brings potential benefits for society and sustainable development. Crystalline order is the ubiquitous superstructure for enhancing mechanical properties of polymeric materials. In this work, polystyrene copolymers (c-PS) are incorporated into pores of…
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisRenewable energySAXSSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Tuning Pore Dimensions of Mesoporous Inorganic Films by Homopolymer Swelling

Reid, Barry; Alvarez-Fernandez, Alberto; Schmidt-Hansberg, Benjamin; Guldin, Stefan

The functionality and applications of mesoporous inorganic films are closely linked to their mesopore dimensions. For material architectures derived from a block copolymer (BCP) micelle coassembly, the pore size is typically manipulated by changing the molecular weight corresponding to the pore-forming block. However, bespoke BCP synthesis is often a costly…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSAXSTechnique

Biomimetic Mineralized Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Macrofiber with Spider Silk-Like Supertoughness

Yu, Yadong; He, Yan; Mu, Zhao; Zhao, Yueqi; Kong, Kangren; Liu, Zhaoming; Tang, Ruikang

Spider silk fibers (SSF) have a hierarchical structure composed of proteins with highly repetitive sequences and biomineralization is sophisticated in hierarchical organic–inorganic constructions. By using inorganic hydroxyapatite (HAP) and organic polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to simulate the rigid crystalline and flexible amorphous protein blocks of SSF, respectively, biomimetic mineralization is…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersMaterialOrientation analysisOtherPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Microstructure and properties of polyacrylonitrile based carbon fibers

Lu, Junshan; Li, Weiwei; Kang, Hongliang; Feng, Libang; Xu, Jian; Liu, Ruigang

The microstructure of polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based carbon fibers with different mechanical properties was investigated. It was found that the tensile strength of the PAN-based carbon fibers generally decrease with the increase in the modulus. The properties of PAN-based carbon fiber are mainly controlled by the microstructure and microvoids. The increase in…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersFood scienceMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSAXSTechnique

Cell wall structure and composition is affected by light quality in tomato seedlings

Falcioni, Renan; Moriwaki, Thaise; Perez-Llorca, Marina; Munné-Bosch, Sergi; Gibin, Mariana Sversut; Sato, Francielle; Pelozo, Andressa; Pattaro, Mariana Carmona; Giacomelli, Marina Ellen; Rüggeberg, Markus; Antunes, Werner Camargos

Light affects many aspects of cell development. Tomato seedlings growing at different light qualities (white, blue, green, red, far-red) and in the dark displayed alterations in cell wall structure and composition. A strong and negative correlation was found between cell wall thickness and hypocotyl growth. Cell walls was thicker under…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Photo-degradation of polyethylene under stress: A successive self-nucleation and annealing (SSA) study

Liu, Qiang; Liu, Shixiang; Lv, Yadong; Huang, Yajiang; Kong, Miqiu; Yang, Qi; Li, Guangxian

Successive self-nucleation and annealing (SSA) technique based on calorimetry is utilized to reveal the effect of uniaxial tensile stress on the photo-oxidation of high density polyethylene (HDPE). Stress-induced acceleratory and inhibitory effects on HDPE are confirmed by analyzing the newly formed melting peaks at low temperatures and the gradually disappeared…