Category

Orientation analysis

(Hydro)gels(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSAXSTechnique

Strong, Water-Stable Ionic Cable from Bio-Hydrogel

Kong, Weiqing; Li, Tian; Chen, Chaoji; Chen, Gegu; Brozena, Alexandra H.; Liu, Dapeng; Liu, Yang; Wang, Chengwei; Gan, Wentao; Wang, Sha; He, Shuaiming; Hu, Liangbing

Nanofluids have attracted much attention due to their various applications in energy storage, water desalination, and ionic circuits. However, the practical applications of the existing ionic conductors are limited due to their poor mechanical strength and stability in water. Here, inspired by nature, we develop a mechanically robust and water-stable…
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialOrientation analysisOtherOtherPorous materialSurface structure and patternsTechnique

In-Depth Study of Coating Multimodal Porosity Using Ellipsometry Porosimetry in Desorption Scanning Mode

Loizillon, Jérôme; Baumgartner, Bettina; Sinturel, Christophe; Abbarchi, Marco; Lendl, Bernhard; Grosso, David

Ellipsometry porosimetry provides full adsorption/desorption isotherms and is among the most accurate techniques to probe porosity in thin films. Here we address a novel technique based on desorption scanning for a precise assessment of the porosity features revealing the size distribution of interconnections between the various populations of pores in…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisOtherRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Fine Multi-Phase Alignments in 2D Perovskite Solar Cells with Efficiency over 17% via Slow Post-Annealing

Wu, Guangbao; Li, Xing; Zhou, Jiyu; Zhang, Jianqi; Zhang, Xuning; Leng, Xuanye; Wang, Peijun; Chen, Ming; Zhang, Dongyang; Zhao, Kui; Liu, Shengzhong (Frank); Zhou, Huiqiong; Zhang, Yuan

Layered Ruddlesden–Popper (RP) phase (2D) halide perovskites have attracted tremendous attention due to the wide tunability on their optoelectronic properties and excellent robustness in photovoltaic devices. However, charge extraction/transport and ultimate power conversion efficiency (PCE) in 2D perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are still limited by the non-eliminable quantum well effect.…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTensile

Preparation, Structure, and Properties of an Isotactic Polypropylene Film with Ultrahigh Content, Ordered, and Continuous ?-Transcrystallinity

Liang, Guixue; Yang, Shuo; Li, Jiang; Guo, Shaoyun

?-Transcrystallinity (?-TC) of polypropylene (PP) is a novel kind of crystal that is of significant importance. Owing to the low content, discontinuity, and random distribution of ?-TC obtained by traditional methods, there has not been significant research on this particular crystal. Thus, its formation mechanism and growth law remain unclear…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechnique

Relation Between Charge Transport and the Number of Interconnected Lamellar Poly(3-Hexylthiophene) Crystals

Wang, Binghua; Chen, Jingbo; Shen, Changyu; Reiter, Günter; Zhang, Bin

We have investigated the lateral charge transport in a multilamellar network of crystalline structures of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) embedded in a matrix of small crystallites and amorphous polymers resulting from crystallization at temperatures close to the melting point. Removing the matrix by an appropriate washing process allowed us to observe a…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisOtherPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSSizeTechniqueTemperature

Structural evolution of flow-oriented high density polyethylene upon heating: In situ SAXS and WAXD studies

Liao, Tao; Zhao, Xintong; Yang, Xiao; Coates, Phil; Whiteside, Ben; Jiang, Zhiyong; Men, Yongfeng

The structural evolution of micro-injection molded high density polyethylene (HDPE) at the molecular and lamellar levels was investigated as a function of temperature during heating process using wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques. The molded sample exhibits a peculiar multilayer structure of skin and…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

A Near-Infrared Photoactuator Based on Shape Memory Semicrystalline Polymers toward Light-Fueled Crane, Grasper, and Walker

Yang, Qi; Peng, Chuang; Ren, Juntao; Zhao, Wenpeng; Zheng, Wenjie; Zhang, Chunyu; Hu, Yanming; Zhang, Xuequan

Light-driven soft actuators with adaptive shape changes, diverse geometric morphing, and reversible macroscopic movements have gained ever-increasing interest owing to their diverse applications ranging from biomedical to aerospace devices. Herein, presented is a near-infrared (NIR) light-stimulated actuator based on cis-1,4 polybutadiene-polyethylene semicrystalline copolymer. In the system, a…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Comprehensive Investigation and Analysis of Bulk-Heterojunction Microstructure of High-Performance PCE11:PCBM Solar Cells

Zhang, Chaohong; Heumueller, Thomas; Gruber, Wolfgang; Almora, Osbel; Du, Xiaoyan; Ying, Lei; Chen, Junwu; Unruh, Tobias; Cao, Yong; Li, Ning; Brabec, Christoph J.

Worldwide research efforts have been devoted to organic photovoltaics in the hope of a large-scale commercial application in the near future. To meet the industrial production requirements, organic photovoltaics that can reach power conversion efficiency (PCE) of over 10% along with promising operational device stability are of utmost interest. In…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Protic Ionic Liquids Based on the Alkyl-Imidazolium Cation: Effect of the Alkyl Chain Length on Structure and Dynamics

Abdurrokhman, Iqbaal; Elamin, Khalid; Danyliv, Olesia; Hasani, Mohammad; Swenson, Jan; Martinelli, Anna

Protic ionic liquids are known to form extended hydrogen-bonded networks that can lead to properties different from those encountered in the aprotic analogous liquids, in particular with respect to the structure and transport behavior. In this context, the present paper focuses on a wide series of 1-alkyl-imidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquids,…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Nano-modified HDPE/PA6 microfibrillar composites: Effect of aminated graphite platelets coupling

Kelnar, Ivan; Bal, Ümitcan; Zhigunov, Alexander; Kaprálková, Ludmila; Fortelný, Ivan; Krej?íková, Sabina; Kredatusová, Jana; Dybal, Ji?í; Janata, Miroslav; Nofar, Mohammadreza

Modification of microfibrillar composites (MFCs) by nanofillers shows important effects of its localization on performance. This work deals with control of migration/localization of amine-modified graphite nanoplatelets (GNPAs) in the HDPE/PA6 system through their in situ coupling. GNPA/HDPE linking also leads to complex morphology of PA6 fibers. Although such control of…