Materials & Design, 2019, vol 179pp. 107880
The morphological evolution and pore formation mechanism of different kinds of β-iPP spherulites during biaxial stretching were analyzed. The smaller radial-growth spherulite deforms heterogeneous, causing a faster reduction in β-crystal content and higher orientation degree during longitudinal stretching, while the bigger spherulite derived from the hedrites deformed more homogeneous due to the more violent lamellae separation, causing a slower β-crystal content decline and lower orientation degree. However, plentiful coarse fibrils form within β-spherulite derived from the hedrites during longitudinal stretching due to abundant lamellae paralleled to the loading direction, with more connections between the coarse fibrils, which delayed the micropores formation and caused the inferior pore size distribution in following transverse stretching. While the radial-growth β-spherulite generates more refined microfibrils and the higher orientation means lesser connection between finer fibrils, making abundant micropores at the beginning of transverse stretching and superior pore size distribution throughout the whole transverse stretching ultimately.