(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPolymer researchSAXSSelf-assembled materialTechniqueTemperature

Two-Step Chemical Transformation of Polystyrene-block-poly(solketal acrylate) Copolymers for Increasing ?

Yu, Duk Man; Smith, Darren M.; Kim, Hyeyoung; Rzayev, Javid; Russell, Thomas P.

We investigated the two-step chemical transformation of a series of symmetric poly(styrene-b-solketal acrylate) (PS-b-PSA) copolymers with varying molecular weights from 1900 to 27?300 g/mol (13 ? N ? 194) synthesized by sequential atom transfer radical polymerization. Through acid-catalyzed hydrolysis, the PSA block is converted into poly(glycerol acrylate) (PGA), which subsequently…
ApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialPorous materialRenewable energySAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Dental Resin Monomer Enables Unique NbO2/Carbon Lithium-Ion Battery Negative Electrode with Exceptional Performance

Ji, Qing; Gao, Xiangwen; Zhang, Qiuju; Jin, Liyu; Wang, Da; Xia, Yonggao; Yin, Shanshan; Xia, Senlin; Hohn, Nuri; Zuo, Xiuxia; Wang, Xiaoyan; Xie, Shuang; Xu, Zhuijun; Ma, Liujia; Chen, Liang; Chen, George Z.; Zhu, Jin; Hu, Binjie; Müller?Buschbaum, Peter; Bruce, Peter G.; Cheng, Ya-Jun

Niobium dioxide (NbO2) features a high theoretical capacity and an outstanding electron conductivity, which makes it a promising alternative to the commercial graphite negative electrode. However, studies on NbO2 based lithium-ion battery negative electrodes have been rarely reported. In the present work, NbO2 nanoparticles homogeneously embedded in a carbon matrix…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTemperature

Tuning Mechanical Properties of Biobased Polymers by Supramolecular Chain Entanglement

Lamm, Meghan E.; Song, Lingzhi; Wang, Zhongkai; Rahman, Md Anisur; Lamm, Benjamin; Fu, Lin; Tang, Chuanbing

A variety of biobased polymers have been derived from diverse natural resources. However, the mechanical properties of some of these polymers are inferior due to low chain entanglement. We report a facile strategy termed “supramolecular chain entanglement”, which utilizes supramolecular interactions to create physical cross-linking and entanglements for polymers with…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesSAXSShapeSizeTechniqueTemperature

Investigation of the internal structure of thermoresponsive diblock poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly[N-(2,2-difluoroethyl)acrylamide] copolymer nanoparticles

Babuka, David; Kolouchova, Kristyna; Hruby, Martin; Groborz, Ondrej; Tosner, Zdenek; Zhigunov, Alexander; Stepanek, Petr

The poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly self-assembled nanoparticles show great potential in biological applications as, e.g., 19F MRI tumour diagnostic agents. As such their internal structure needs to be thoroughly investigated while the results also help to understand temperature-dependent self-assembly behaviour of copolymers comprised of the hydrophilic and…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechnique

Single-step preparation of mono-dispersed sulfur nanoparticles for detention of copper

Shevchenko, Natalia; Steinhart, Milos; Tomšík, Elena

Application of sulfur nanoparticles results from biocompatibility, biodegradability, and non-toxicity of the shell that covers sulfur nanoparticles. However, to prepare uniform sulfur nanoparticles still remains a challenge; particularly in aqueous medium when the size of sulfur nanoparticles is not more than 20 nm. In the current work, the detailed investigation…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Tunable Fluorophobic Effect Determines Nanoparticle Dispersion in Homopolymers and Block Polymers

Marsh, Zachary M.; Blom, Douglas A.; Stefik, Morgan

The controlled placement of nanoparticles (NPs) within homopolymers and block polymers is of broad interest for functional nanomaterials. This manuscript focuses on small molecule-stabilized NPs that bring a large fraction of functionality. For such NP mixtures with block polymers, the overwhelming focus to date has been the use of attractive…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Tandem catalysis in multicomponent solvent-free biofluids

Atkins, Dylan Luke; Berrocal, José Augusto; Mason, Alexander Francesco; Voets, Ilja Karina

Enzymes are widely employed to reduce the environmental impact of chemical industries as biocatalysts improve productivity and offer high selectively under mild reaction conditions in a diverse range of chemical transformations. The poor stability of biomacromolecules under reaction conditions is often a critical bottleneck to their application. Protein engineering or…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechnique

A Cross-Method Comparison of Sub-10 nm Nanoparticle Size Distribution

Yang, Ye; Liao, Suiyang; Luo, Zhi; Qi, Runzhang; Mac Fhionnlaoich, Niamh; Stellacci, Francesco; Guldin, Stefan

Accurate nanoparticle (NP) size determination is essential across research domains, with many functions in nanoscience and biomedical research being size-dependent. Although transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is capable of resolving a single NP down to the sub-nm scale, the reliable representation of entire populations is plagued by challenges in providing statistical…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSSelf-assembled materialTechnique

Fragmentation of 1,2-Polybutadiene-block-Poly(ethylene oxide) Micelles in Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids

Early, Julia T.; Lodge, Timothy P.

The effect of solvent selectivity on the fragmentation kinetics of spherical micelles formed by a 1,2-polybutadiene-block-poly(ethylene oxide) “BO” copolymer in five 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide-based ionic liquids (ILs), (, where n = methyl, ethyl, butyl, hexyl, and octyl) was investigated by temperature-jump dynamic light scattering (T-jump DLS),…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsMaterialOtherPhase analysisSAXSSizeTechniqueTemperature

Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity of (thio)alkyl hexopyranosides, nonionic glycolipid mimetics

Džubák, Petr; Gurská, So?a; Bogdanová, Kate?ina; Uhríková, Daniela; Kanjaková, Nina; Combet, Sophie; Klunda, Tomáš; Kolá?, Milan; Hajdúch, Marian; Poláková, Monika

A series of 19 synthetic alkyl and thioalkyl glycosides derived from d-mannose, d-glucose and d-galactose and having C10–C16 aglycone were investigated for cytotoxic activity against 7 human cancer and 2 non-tumor cell lines as well as for antimicrobial potential on 12 bacterial and yeast strains. The most potent compounds were…