ApplicationCatalystsCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialInorganic materialsMaterialOil & gasPhase analysisPorous materialSAXSTechnique

Effects of calcination and activation conditions on ordered mesoporous carbon supported iron catalysts for production of lower olefins from synthesis gas

Oschatz, M.; Deelen, T. W. van; Weber, J. L.; Lamme, W. S.; Wang, G.; Goderis, B.; Verkinderen, O.; Dugulan, A. I.; Jong, K. P. de

Lower C2–C4 olefins are important commodity chemicals usually produced by steam cracking of naphtha or fluid catalytic cracking of vacuum gas oil. The Fischer–Tropsch synthesis of lower olefins (FTO) with iron-based catalysts uses synthesis gas as an alternative feedstock. Nanostructured carbon materials are widely applied as supports for the iron…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsGISAXSGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialPhase analysisPorous materialRenewable energySAXSSelf-assembled materialSurfactantsTechniqueTemperatureThin filmsWAXS

Ordered Mesoporous to Macroporous Oxides with Tunable Isomorphic Architectures: Solution Criteria for Persistent Micelle Templates

Lokupitiya, Hasala N.; Jones, Alexis; Reid, Barry; Guldin, Stefan; Stefik, Morgan

Porous and nanoscale architectures of inorganic materials have become crucial for a range of energy and catalysis applications, where the ability to control the morphology largely determines the transport characteristics and device performance. Despite the availability of a range of block copolymer self-assembly methods, the conditions for tuning the key…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLiquid crystalsMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchPore size and pore size distributionProteins & DNA/RNASelf-assembled materialTechniqueWAXS

Size-Selective Adsorption in Nanoporous Polymers from Coumarin Photo-Cross-Linked Columnar Liquid Crystals

Concellón, Alberto; Schenning, Albertus P. H. J.; Romero, Pilar; Marcos, Mercedes; Serrano, José Luis

We have prepared nanoporous polymers from columnar hexagonal hydrogen-bonded complexes, whose order is fixed by coumarin photoinduced cycloaddition (photodimerization). Two different hydrogen-bonded complexes were used and consisted of a melamine (M) or tris(triazolyl)triazine (T) derivative acting as central templates and three peripheral carboxylic acids containing coumarin units. These…
12 March 2019
Characteristic dimensionCustomer publicationsFibersOtherSAXSWAXS

Determination of the packing model of a supramolecular nanofiber via mass-per-length measurement and de novo simulation

Yao, Qingxin; Bao, Qiang; Li, Xinming; Wang, Hui; Yang, Zhenyu; Shi, Xinghua; Gao, Yuan; Xu, Bing

Herein, we report an example of using scanning transmission electron microscopy to determine the mass-per-length of supramolecular nanofibers. Together with the measurement of the diameter of nanofibers via transmission electron microscopy, we could estimate the packing density of assembling molecules along the nanofibers. A parallel unbiased de novo simulation screens…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCharacteristic dimensionCustomer publicationsGIWAXSRenewable energySelf-assembled material

Efficient perovskite photovoltaic devices using chemically doped PCDTBT as a hole-transport material

Wong-Stringer, Michael; Bishop, James E.; Smith, Joel A.; Mohamad, David K.; Parnell, Andrew J.; Kumar, Vikas; Rodenburg, Cornelia; Lidzey, David G.

It is shown that by chemically doping the carbazole-based conjugated polymer PCDTBT using the molecular materials TBP, LiTFSI and FK209, its conductivity can be increased by a factor of 105 times. Such doped PCDTBT films are used as a hole transport material (HTM) for standard architecture (CH(NH2)2PbI3)0.85(CH3NH3PbBr3)0.15 perovskite solar cells…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherPolymer researchRenewable energySAXSSelf-assembled materialTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

Thermomechanical and Conductive Properties of Thiol–Ene Poly(ionic liquid) Networks Containing Backbone and Pendant Imidazolium Groups

Bratton, Abigail F.; Kim, Sung-Soo; Ellison, Christopher J.; Miller, Kevin M.

A series of covalently cross-linked poly(ionic liquid) networks were prepared using thiol–ene “click” photopolymerization. In these networks, imidazolium groups are placed in the backbone and pendant to the main chain, creating a “hybrid”-type network architecture. The pendant imidazolium groups were incorporated into the networks from monofunctional “ene” monomers that contained…
12 March 2019
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLiquid crystalsMaterialOtherPhase analysisSAXSSurfactantsTechnique

Liquid crystal phantom for validation of microscopic diffusion anisotropy measurements on clinical MRI systems

Nilsson, Markus; Larsson, Johan; Lundberg, Dan; Szczepankiewicz, Filip; Witzel, Thomas; Westin, Carl-Fredrik; Bryskhe, Karin; Topgaard, Daniel

Purpose To develop a phantom for validating MRI pulse sequences and data processing methods to quantify microscopic diffusion anisotropy in the human brain. Methods Using a liquid crystal consisting of water, detergent, and hydrocarbon, we designed a 0.5-L spherical phantom showing the theoretically highest possible degree of microscopic anisotropy. Data…
12 March 2019
ApplicationCatalystsCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesPhase analysisPorous materialSAXSTechnique

Highly Selective Continuous Flow Hydrogenation of Cinnamaldehyde to Cinnamyl Alcohol in a Pt/SiO2 Coated Tube Reactor

Bai, Yang; Cherkasov, Nikolay; Huband, Steven; Walker, David; Walton, Richard; Rebrov, Evgeny;

A novel continuous flow process for selective hydrogenation of α, β-unsaturated aldehyde (cinnamaldehyde, CAL) to the unsaturated alcohol (cinnamyl alcohol, COL) has been reported in a tube reactor coated with a Pt/SiO2 catalyst. A 90% selectivity towards the unsaturated alcohol was obtained at the aldehyde conversion of 98.8%. This is…
12 March 2019