CharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsProteins & DNA/RNASAXSStructural biology

Rheological Link Between Polymer Melts with a High Molecular Weight Tail and Enhanced Formation of Shish-Kebabs

Wingstrand, Sara L.; Shen, Bo; Kornfield, Julie A.; Mortensen, Kell; Parisi, Daniele; Vlassopoulos, Dimitris; Hassager, Ole

Presence of an ultra high molecular weight (UHMw) fraction in flowing polymer melts is known to facilitate formation of oriented crystalline structures significantly. The UHMw fraction manifests itself as a minor tail in the molar mass distribution and is hardly detectable in the canonical characterization methods. In this study, alternatively,…
12 March 2019
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticle size and size distributionParticlesSAXSTechnique

Precursor non-stoichiometry to enable improved CH3NH3PbBr3 nanocrystal LED performance

Chandran, Bevita K.; Veldhuis, Sjoerd A.; Chin, Xin Yu; Bruno, Annalisa; Yantara, Natalia; Chen, Xiaodong; Mhaisalkar, Subodh

High photoluminescence quantum yields and narrow emission wavelengths, combined with low temperature solution processing, make CH3NH3PbBr3 nanocrystals (NCs) favorable candidates for light-emitting applications. Herein, we describe the synthesis of CH3NH3PbBr3 NC inks by a convenient room-temperature ligand assisted reprecipitation protocol. We further investigate the effect of modulation of the…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchUSAXSWAXS

Inter-fibrillar tie chains determined critical stress of large strain cavitation in tensile stretched isotactic polypropylene

Lu, Ying; Lyu, Dong; Xiong, Bijin; Chen, Ran; Men, Yongfeng

Isotactic polypropylene (iPP) samples with pure mesophase, pure α modification, and coexistence of both phases were used to investigate the sudden stress whitening triggered at large strain during stretching. This whitening was caused by the cavities generated in the highly oriented amorphous network. The critical stresses of such cavitation-induced whitening…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsOil & gasParticlesPolymer researchPorous materialSAXSTechnique

Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticle Membranes with Controllable Free Volume

Bilchak, Connor R.; Buenning, Eileen; Asai, Makoto; Zhang, Kai; Durning, Christopher J.; Kumar, Sanat K.; Huang, Yucheng; Benicewicz, Brian C.; Gidley, David W.; Cheng, Shiwang; Sokolov, Alexei P.; Minelli, Matteo; Doghieri, Ferruccio

Polymer-based membranes play a key role in several industrially important gas separation technologies, e.g., removing CO2 from natural gas, with enormous economic and environmental impact. Here, we develop a novel hybrid membrane construct comprised entirely of nanoparticles grafted with polymers. These membranes are shown to have broadly tunable separation performance…
12 March 2019
Customer publicationsProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biology

Structural analysis of mtEXO mitochondrial RNA degradosome reveals tight coupling of nuclease and helicase components

Razew, Michal; Warkocki, Zbigniew; Taube, Michal; Kolondra, Adam; Czarnocki-Cieciura, Mariusz; Nowak, Elzbieta; Labedzka-Dmoch, Karolina; Kawinska, Aleksandra; Piatkowski, Jakub; Golik, Pawel; Kozak, Maciej; Dziembowski, Andrzej; Nowotny, Marcin

The mitochondrial RNA degradosome (mtEXO) plays an essential role in the regulation of mitochondrial gene expression and is composed of the 3′-to-5′ exoribonuclease Dss1 and the helicase Suv3. Here the authors present the RNA bound mtEXO crystal structure and give insights into its…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCustomer publicationsPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXS

Effect of high molecular weight on pore formation and various properties of microporous membrane used for lithium-ion battery separator

Xu, Guan; Ding, Lei; Wu, Tong; Xiang, Ming; Yang, Feng

In this article, iPP cast films with high molecular weight in middle layer were prepared to investigate the effect of high molecular weight component on pore formation and mechanical strength. The results of DSC, SEM and 2D-XRD indicated that higher molecular weight and die draw ratio (DDR) would not alter…
12 March 2019
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biologyTechnique

Phosphorylation-induced conformational dynamics in an intrinsically disordered protein and potential role in phenotypic heterogeneity

Kulkarni, Prakash; Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Jia, Dongya; Mooney, Steven M.; Bhargava, Ajay; Kagohara, Luciane T.; Chen, Yihong; Hao, Pengyu; He, Yanan; Veltri, Robert W.; Grishaev, Alexander; Weninger, Keith; Levine, Herbert; Orban, John

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) that lack a unique 3D structure and comprise a large fraction of the human proteome play important roles in numerous cellular functions. Prostate-Associated Gene 4 (PAGE4) is an IDP that acts as a potentiator of the Activator Protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor. Homeodomain-Interacting Protein Kinase 1 (HIPK1)…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialRenewable energyTechniqueThin films

The effect of side-chain substitution on the aggregation and photovoltaic performance of diketopyrrolopyrrole-alt-dicarboxylic ester bithiophene polymers

Heuvel, Ruurd; Colberts, Fallon J. M.; Li, Junyu; Wienk, Martijn M.; Janssen, René A. J.

Using a dicarboxylic ester bithiophene (DCBT) co-monomer, electron-withdrawing ester groups are introduced on the two central thiophene rings of an alternating donor–acceptor polymer (PDPP4T) consisting of diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) and quaterthiophene (4T) to increase the oxidation potential and reduce the photon energy loss in solar cells. To counteract the increased solubility…
12 March 2019