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Composites

(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Comparative Study of Direct Compounding, Coupling Agent-Aided and Initiator-Aided Reactive Extrusion to Prepare Cellulose Nanocrystal/PHBV (CNC/PHBV) Nanocomposite

Zheng, Ting; Clemons, Craig M.; Pilla, Srikanth

Three compounding methods were compared to determine their effects on the organization of the interphase in nanocomposites of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) processed via (1) direct compounding, (2) reactive extrusion using a coupling agent (PHBV-g-GMA), or (3) reactive extrusion using a peroxide free-radical initiator (dicumyl peroxide,…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Gradient crystallinity and its influence on the poly(vinylidene fluoride)/poly(methyl methacrylate) membrane-derived by immersion precipitation method

Remanan, Sanjay; Ghosh, Sabyasachi; Das, Tushar Kanti; Sharma, Maya; Bose, Madhuparna; Bose, Suryasarathi; Das, Amit Kumar; Das, Narayan Chandra

Herein, phase inversion poly(vinylidene fluoride)/poly(methyl methacrylate) (PVDF/PMMA) microporous membranes were prepared at various PMMA concentration by immersion precipitation method. Increment in the PMMA concentration has a significant influence in the PVDF membrane crystallinity, which is studied by differential scanning calorimeter, X-ray diffractometer, and small-angle X-ray scattering…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionInorganic materialsMaterialSAXSSizeTechnique

Effective corrosion protection by eco-friendly self-healing PMMA-cerium oxide coatings

Harb, Samarah Vargas; Trentin, Andressa; de Souza, Thiago Augusto Carneiro; Magnani, Marina; Pulcinelli, Sandra Helena; Santilli, Celso Valentim; Hammer, Peter

Metallic alloys are extensively used in many technological applications, however their susceptibility to corrosion causes huge economical losses and can result in failure of critical components. Aiming to obtain environmentally friendly, self-healing and high efficient anticorrosive coatings, organic-inorganic hybrids consisting of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) covalently bonded to CeO2/Ce2O3…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialOtherOtherPolymer researchSAXSSizeTechnique

Phase separation and performance of polyethersulfone/cellulose nanocrystals membranes

Lessan, Fatemeh; Karimi, Mohammad; Bañuelos, Jose Leobardo; Foudazi, Reza

We investigate the effect of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) as a hydrophilic nanoparticle on the characteristics of polyethersulfone (PES) based membranes. The membranes are fabricated using typical nonsolvent induced phase separation (NIPS) method. We study the radius of gyration and aggregation of PES in dimethylformamide in the presence of CNC, the…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Correlation between mechanical properties and microscopic structures of an optimized silica fraction in silicone rubber

Liu, Dong; Song, Lixian; Song, Hongtao; Chen, Jie; Tian, Qiang; Chen, Liang; Sun, Liangwei; Lu, Ai; Huang, Chaoqiang; Sun, Guangai

The mechanical properties and the hierarchical filler structures were characterized on a series silica-filled silicone rubber with a filler fraction (?Si) varied from 0.05?phr to 80?phr (parts per hundred rubber). Uniaxial elongation measurement suggests that there is a percolation threshold between 10 and 30?phr. Moreover, an optimum ?Si range from…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialParticlesRenewable energySAXSSizeTechnique

Synergistic effects from super-small sized TiO2 and SiOx nanoparticles within TiO2/SiOx/carbon nanohybrid lithium-ion battery anode

Wang, Xiaoyan; Xia, Yonggao; Zuo, Xiuxia; Schaper, Simon J.; Yin, Shanshan; Ji, Qing; Liang, Suzhe; Yang, Zhaohui; Xia, Senlin; Xiao, Ying; Zhu, Jin; Müller-Buschbaum, Peter; Cheng, Ya-Jun

TiO2/SiOx/carbon nanohybrid consisting of super-small sized TiO2 and SiOx nanoparticles is in situ formed within the in situ formed carbon matrix using difunctional methacrylate monomers as solvent and carbon source. The relative composition of TiO2 and SiOx is systematically tuned by varying the feeding mass ratio of the precursors (TEOS/TTIP)…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Effect of processing conditions on the mechanical properties of bio-inspired mechanical gradient nanocomposites

Zhang, Yefei; Edelbrock, Alexandra N.; Rowan, Stuart J.

Photo-induced thiol-ene crosslinking of allyl-functionalized cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)/polymer nanocomposites allows access to films that mimic the water-enhanced mechanical gradient characteristics of the squid beak. These films are prepared by mixing the functionalized CNCs and polymer in a solvent before solution casting and drying. The photocrosslinking agents are then imbibed into…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialParticlesPolymer researchPore size and pore size distributionSAXSShapeTechnique

Understanding the Static Interfacial Polymer Layer by Exploring the Dispersion States of Nanocomposites

Genix, Anne-Caroline; Bocharova, Vera; Carroll, Bobby; Lehmann, Michelle; Saito, Tomonori; Krueger, Susan; He, Lilin; Dieudonné-George, Philippe; Sokolov, Alexei P.; Oberdisse, Julian

The dynamic and static properties of the interfacial region between polymer and nanoparticles have wide-ranging consequences on performances of nanomaterials. The thickness and density of the static layer are particularly difficult to assess experimentally due to superimposing nanoparticle interactions. Here, we tune the dispersion of silica nanoparticles in nanocomposites by…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialParticle interactionsParticlesPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Morphologies of Polyisoprene-Grafted Silica Nanoparticles in Model Elastomers

Bonnevide, Marine; Jimenez, Andrew M.; Dhara, Deboleena; Phan, Trang N.T.; Malicki, Nicolas; Abbas, Zaid M.; Benicewicz, Brian; Kumar, Sanat K.; Couty, Marc; Gigmes, Didier; Jestin, Jacques

We control nanoparticle (NP) dispersion by leveraging the entropic and enthalpic effects associated with mixing silica NPs grafted with polyisoprene (PI) chains into matrices of varying degrees of chemical dissimilarity. Previous work in this area has primarily focused on entropic factors alone, and hence, this work represents a significant advance…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

High-performance polyurethane nanocomposites based on UPy-modified cellulose nanocrystals

Tian, Donglin; Wang, Fenfen; Yang, Zhijun; Niu, Xiling; Wu, Qiang; Sun, Pingchuan

Densely H-bonding assemblies are the key strategy found by nature to enhance the rupture strength of natural polymers without sacrificing their toughness, such as spider silk, while it still remains a great challenge using such intriguing strategy to prepare high-performance synthesized polymer or biopolymer enhanced polymer nanocomposites. To address this…
25 November 2019