Renewable energy

ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energyTechniqueThin films

Enhanced gas barrier property of stacking-controlled reduced graphene oxide films for encapsulation of polymer solar cells

Sung, Sae Jin; Park, Jisoo; Cho, Young Shik; Gihm, Se Hoon; Yang, Seung Jae; Park, Chong Rae

Compact stacking of building blocks is essential in order to utilize the impermeable nature of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) for encapsulating barriers in organic electronics. To obtain the desired accumulation characteristic, rGO films were fabricated via spraying process using phase-controlled graphene oxide (GO) dispersion. The rGO laminate prepared from the…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Revisiting the Role of Graphene Quantum Dots in Ternary Organic Solar Cells: Insights into the Nanostructure Reconstruction and Effective Förster Resonance Energy Transfer

Sung, Sae Jin; Kim, Jae Ho; Gihm, Se Hoon; Park, Jisoo; Cho, Young Shik; Yang, Seung Jae; Park, Chong Rae

Recent studies have introduced the graphene quantum dot (GQD) as a third material for the bulk-heterojunction polymer:fullerene solar cell (PSC) to improve light conversion efficiency. Although exciton generation/dissociation and carrier transport in the GQD-incorporated light-absorbing layer are strongly influenced by the ternary component, detailed analysis on the role of GQD…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialMetalsRenewable energyShapeSizeTechniqueThin films

Stabilizing Silver Window Electrodes for Organic Photovoltaics Using a Mercaptosilane Monolayer

Lee, Jaemin; Walker, Marc; Varagnolo, Silvia; Huband, Steven; Hatton, Ross A.

A single layer of the bifunctional molecule 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane is shown to be remarkably effective at improving the stability of optically thin silver film electrodes toward spontaneous morphological change and oxidation by airborne sulfur. Inclusion of this layer in the novel transparent electrode WO3(30 nm)/silver (13 nm)/sol–gel ZnO (27 nm) at…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energyTechniqueThin films

Brønsted acid mediated covalent organic framework membranes for efficient molecular separation

Wang, Hongjian; Chen, Long; Yang, Hao; Wang, Meidi; Yang, Leixin; Du, Haiyan; Cao, Chenliang; Ren, Yanxiong; Wu, Yingzhen; Pan, Fusheng; Jiang, Zhongyi

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) hold great promise in molecular separation. However, since the aperture size of most COFs is in the range of 0.8–4.9 nm, constructing COF membranes with a smaller aperture size is thus in urgent demand yet remains a grand challenge. In this study, a Brønsted acid mediated…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energyTechniqueThin films

Facilitate charge transfer at donor/acceptor interface in bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics by two-dimensional nanoflakes

Yang, Weitao; Ye, Zhixiang; Liang, Tao; Ye, Jian; Chen, Hongzheng

Recently, two-dimensional (2D) materials have been applied in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) as electrode modifier or third component in bulk due to their high charge carrier mobility, various electronic band structure, and facile fabrication via liquid phase exfoliation. Herein, solution exfoliated few layers black phosphorus (BP) and tungsten diselenide (WSe2) were…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisPorous materialRenewable energySAXSTechnique

Controllable synthesis of a peapod-like nanostructure via nanoconfining CoFe2O4 in CMK-5 for high-performance lithium-ion batteries

Sun, Yuanyuan; Zou, Yihui; Yuan, Fang; Yan, Chunyun; Chen, Shuai; Jia, Yi Alec; Zhang, Huawei; Yang, Dongjiang; She, Xilin

The CoFe2O4 with spinel structure has been identified as a promising anode material of lithium-ion battery because of high theoretical capacity of 914?mAh?g?1, low price, high chemical durability and environmental friendliness. However, the poor electrical conductivity and significant volume change in the charge and discharge process lead to a severe…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialRenewable energySAXSTechnique

Effect of Phosphaphenanthrene Skeleton in Sulfonated Polyimides for Proton Exchange Membrane Application

Mandal, Arun Kumar; Bisoi, Soumendu; Banerjee, Susanta

Sulfonic acid groups containing aromatic polyimides are of great interest as polymer electrolyte membranes owing to their high thermal and mechanical stability, strong resistance to fuel crossover, excellent film-forming ability, and high proton conductivity. However, these polymers generally experience reduced oxidative permanence. To alleviate the problems associated with the oxidative…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Effects of energy-level offset between a donor and acceptor on the photovoltaic performance of non-fullerene organic solar cells

Yang, Chenyi; Zhang, Jianqi; Liang, Ningning; Yao, Huifeng; Wei, Zhixiang; He, Chang; Yuan, Xiaotao; Hou, Jianhui

Minimizing the energy-level offset between a donor and acceptor in order to reduce energy loss (Eloss) is a hot topic in the field of organic solar cells (OSCs). However, for non-fullerene OSCs, the discussion concerning the relationship between energy-level offset and device performance has not yet reached a general conclusion…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialPorous materialRenewable energySAXSShapeSizeTechnique

Dental Resin Monomer Enables Unique NbO2/Carbon Lithium-Ion Battery Negative Electrode with Exceptional Performance

Ji, Qing; Gao, Xiangwen; Zhang, Qiuju; Jin, Liyu; Wang, Da; Xia, Yonggao; Yin, Shanshan; Xia, Senlin; Hohn, Nuri; Zuo, Xiuxia; Wang, Xiaoyan; Xie, Shuang; Xu, Zhuijun; Ma, Liujia; Chen, Liang; Chen, George Z.; Zhu, Jin; Hu, Binjie; Müller?Buschbaum, Peter; Bruce, Peter G.; Cheng, Ya-Jun

Niobium dioxide (NbO2) features a high theoretical capacity and an outstanding electron conductivity, which makes it a promising alternative to the commercial graphite negative electrode. However, studies on NbO2 based lithium-ion battery negative electrodes have been rarely reported. In the present work, NbO2 nanoparticles homogeneously embedded in a carbon matrix…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisRenewable energySAXSTechnique

Enhanced Conductivity via Homopolymer-Rich Pathways in Block Polymer-Blended Electrolytes

Morris, Melody A.; Sung, Seung Hyun; Ketkar, Priyanka M.; Dura, Joseph A.; Nieuwendaal, Ryan C.; Epps, Thomas H.

The optimization of ionic conductivity and lithium-ion battery stability can be achieved by independently tuning the ion transport and mechanical robustness of block polymer (BP) electrolytes. However, the ionic conductivity of BP electrolytes is inherently limited by the covalent attachment of the ionically conductive block to the mechanically robust block,…
27 January 2020