Renewable energy

ApplicationCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsMaterialParticlesRenewable energySAXSSizeTechnique

Synergistic effects from super-small sized TiO2 and SiOx nanoparticles within TiO2/SiOx/carbon nanohybrid lithium-ion battery anode

Wang, Xiaoyan; Xia, Yonggao; Zuo, Xiuxia; Schaper, Simon J.; Yin, Shanshan; Ji, Qing; Liang, Suzhe; Yang, Zhaohui; Xia, Senlin; Xiao, Ying; Zhu, Jin; Müller-Buschbaum, Peter; Cheng, Ya-Jun

TiO2/SiOx/carbon nanohybrid consisting of super-small sized TiO2 and SiOx nanoparticles is in situ formed within the in situ formed carbon matrix using difunctional methacrylate monomers as solvent and carbon source. The relative composition of TiO2 and SiOx is systematically tuned by varying the feeding mass ratio of the precursors (TEOS/TTIP)…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialRenewable energySAXSTechnique

Sulfo-Phenylated Polyphenylenes Containing Sterically Hindered Pyridines

Xu, Shaoyi; Adamski, Michael; Killer, Miho; Schibli, Eric M.; Frisken, Barbara J.; Holdcroft, Steven

We systematically investigated the effect of incorporating a sterically hindered pyridyl group into a sulfo-phenylated polyphenylene to control the polymer’s physicochemical properties through acid–base interactions. Homopolymers with similar molecular weights and comparable structures that vary by only one atom (N– vs C?) per repeat unit along the polymer chain were…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialRenewable energyTechniqueWAXS

Tuning charge transport dynamics via clustering of doping in organic semiconductor thin films

Boyle, Connor J.; Upadhyaya, Meenakshi; Wang, Peijian; Renna, Lawrence A.; Lu-Díaz, Michael; Jeong, Seung Pyo; Hight-Huf, Nicholas; Korugic-Karasz, Ljiljana; Barnes, Michael D.; Aksamija, Zlatan; Venkataraman, D.

A significant challenge in the rational design of organic thermoelectric materials is to realize simultaneously high electrical conductivity and high induced-voltage in response to a thermal gradient, which is represented by the Seebeck coefficient. Conventional wisdom posits that the polymer alone dictates thermoelectric efficiency. Herein, we show that doping —…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherRenewable energyTechniqueWAXS

Structural correlations tailor conductive properties in polymerized ionic liquids

Doughty, Benjamin; Genix, Anne-Caroline; Popov, Ivan; Li, Bingrui; Zhao, Sheng; Saito, Tomonori; Lutterman, Daniel A.; Sacci, Robert L.; Sumpter, Bobby G.; Wojnarowska, Zaneta; Bocharova, Vera

Polymerized ionic liquids (PolyILs) are promising materials for applications in electrochemical devices spanning from fuel cells to capacitors and batteries. In principle, PolyILs have a competitive advantage over traditional electrolytes in being single ion conductors and thus enabling a transference number close to unity. Despite this perceived advantage, surprisingly low…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialParticlesPhase analysisPorous materialRenewable energySAXSTechnique

CO2 capture using three-dimensionally ordered micromesoporous carbon

Vorokhta, Maryna; Morávková, Jaroslava; ?imná?ová, Daniela; Pila?, Radim; Zhigunov, Alexander; Švábová, Martina; Sazama, Petr

Adsorption of CO2 on three-dimensionally ordered micromesoporous carbon with a spherical pore structure has been studied using gravimetric and manometric analyses. Adsorptive properties were compared with activated carbon and nanostructured carbon materials such as carbon nanotubes, zeolitic-imidazolate framework-derived carbon, carbon nanohorns and ordered mesoporous carbon materials. The…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialRenewable energySAXSSpecific surfaceTechnique

Nafion/Protic Ionic Liquid Blends: Nanoscale Organization and Transport Properties

Danyliv, Olesia; Martinelli, Anna

In this work, the possibility of using the protic ionic liquids N-ethylimidazolium trifluoromethylsulfonate, , and N-ethylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, , as charge carriers in appropriately modified Nafion membranes has been investigated. The superior thermal stability of ionic liquids, as compared to that of water-based electrolytes, hypothetically offers a…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPorous materialRenewable energySAXSSelf-assembled materialTechnique

Widely tunable persistent micelle templates via homopolymer swelling

Sarkar, Amrita; Thyagarajan, Akshay; Cole, August; Stefik, Morgan

The combination of precision control with wide tunability remains a challenge for the fabrication of porous nanomaterials suitable for studies of nanostructure–behavior relationships. Polymer micelle templates broadly enable porous materials, however micelle equilibration hampers independent pore and wall size control. Persistent micelle templates (PMT) have emerged as a kinetic controlled…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialRenewable energyTechniqueWAXS

Preparation of cellulose nanofibers from Miscanthus x. Giganteus by ammonium persulfate oxidation

Yang, Han; Zhang, Yefei; Kato, Ryo; Rowan, Stuart J.

Carboxylic acid functionalized cellulose nanofibers (MxG-CNFA-CO2H) were successfully isolated from a sustainable grass hybrid Miscanthus x. Giganteus by a new two-step chemical oxidation, that involves bleach treatment and ammonium persulfate oxidation, followed by ultrasonication. The resulting MxG-CNFA-CO2Hs have ca. 1200?mmol/kg carboxylic acid surface groups, an aspect ratio of 230 (height…
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialRenewable energyTechniqueThin films

Controlling Processing, Morphology, and Mechanical Performance in Blends of Polylactide and Thermotropic Polyesters

de Kort, Gijs W.; Rastogi, Sanjay; Wilsens, Carolus H. R. M.

Thermoplastic composites based on thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) materials are interesting candidates for reinforced composite application due to their promising mechanical performance and potential for recyclability. In combination with a societal push toward the more sustainable use of materials, these properties warrant new interest in this class of composites.…