Proteins & DNA/RNA

ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologySurfactantsTechnique

Aescin-Induced Conversion of Gel-Phase Lipid Membranes into Bicelle-like Lipid Nanoparticles

Geisler, Ramsia; Pedersen, Martin Cramer; Hannappel, Yvonne; Schweins, Ralf; Prévost, Sylvain; Dattani, Rajeev; Arleth, Lise; Hellweg, Thomas

Mixtures of the phospholipid 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) and the saponin ?-aescin spontaneously form monodisperse, bilayered discoidal micelles (also known as “bicelles” or “nanodisks”) in aqueous solution. Such bicelles form below the melting temperature of DMPC when the phospholipids are in the rigid L?? state and are precursors of spontaneously formed vesicles.…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Nanoscopic Structure of Complexes Formed between DNA and the Cell-Penetrating Peptide Penetratin

de Mello, Lucas Rodrigues; Hamley, Ian William; Castelletto, Valeria; Garcia, Bianca Bonetto Moreno; Han, Sang Won; de Oliveira, Cristiano Luis Pinto; da Silva, Emerson Rodrigo

One of the most remarkable examples of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) is Penetratin, a 16-mer fragment derived from the Drosophila Antennapedia homeobox. Understanding the structure of Penetratin/DNA complexes is a key factor for the successful design of new vectors for gene delivery and may assist in optimizing molecular carriers based on…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Antigenic and physicochemical characterization of Hepatitis B surface protein under extreme temperature and pH conditions

Lopes, J. L. S.; Oliveira, D. C. A.; Utescher, C. L. A.; Quintilio, W.; Tenório, E. C. N.; Oliveira, C. L. P.; Fantini, M. C. A.; Rasmussen, M. K.; Bordallo, H. N.; Sant’Anna, O. A.; Botosso, V. F.

Hepatitis B virus causes acute and chronic infections in millions of people worldwide and, since 1982, a vaccine with 95% effectiveness has been available for immunization. The main component of the recombinant hepatitis B vaccine is the surface antigen protein (HBsAg). In this work, the effect of pH, ionic strength…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biologyTechnique

Proinflammatory Action of a New Electronegative Low-Density Lipoprotein Epitope

Faulin, Tanize do Espirito Santo; Kazuma, Soraya Megumi; Tripodi, Gustavo Luis; Cavalcante, Marcela Frota; Wakasuqui, Felipe; Oliveira, Cristiano Luis Pinto; Degenhardt, Maximilia Frazão de Souza; Michaloski, Jussara; Giordano, Ricardo José; Ketelhuth, Daniel Francisco Jacon; Abdalla, Dulcineia Saes Parra

The electronegative low-density lipoprotein, LDL (?), is an endogenously modified LDL subfraction with cytotoxic and proinflammatory actions on endothelial cells, monocytes, and macrophages contributing to the progression of atherosclerosis. In this study, epitopes of LDL (?) were mapped using a phage display library of peptides and monoclonal antibodies reactive to…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biologyTechnique

The role of disaccharides for protein–protein interactions – a SANS study

Olsson, Christoffer; Swenson, Jan

The disaccharide trehalose has shown outstanding anti-aggregation properties for proteins, which are highly important for the possibility to treat neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Huntington’s disease. However, the role and mechanism of trehalose for such stabilising effects are still largely unknown, partly because a direct structural picture of how…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialParticle interactionsProteins & DNA/RNASAXSStructural biologyTechnique

X-ray Scattering and Coarse-Grained Simulations for Clustering and Interactions of Monoclonal Antibodies at High Concentrations

Dear, Barton J.; Bollinger, Jonathan A.; Chowdhury, Amjad; Hung, Jessica J.; Wilks, Logan R.; Karouta, Carl A.; Ramachandran, Kishan; Shay, Tony Y.; Nieto, Maria P.; Sharma, Ayush; Cheung, Jason K.; Nykypanchuk, Dmytro; Godfrin, P. Douglas; Johnston, Keith P.; Truskett, Thomas M.

Attractive protein–protein interactions (PPI) in concentrated monoclonal antibody (mAb) solutions may lead to reversible oligomers (clusters) that impact colloidal stability and viscosity. Herein, the PPI are tuned for two mAbs via the addition of arginine (Arg), NaCl, or ZnSO4 as characterized by the structure factor (Seff(q)) with small-angle X-ray scattering…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFoodFood scienceMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSSelf-assembled materialShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

The influence of pH, protein concentration and calcium ratio on the formation and structure of nanotubes from partially hydrolyzed bovine ?-lactalbumin

Geng, XiaoLu; Kirkensgaard, Jacob Judas Kain; Arleth, Lise; Otte, Jeanette; Ipsen, Richard

Formation of nanotubes from partially hydrolysed ?-lactalbumin (?-La) was investigated at five pH values, two concentrations of ?-La and two calcium levels. Nanotubes were formed under almost all combinations of the investigated factors, and for the first time the formation of nanotubes at low pH (4.0) and low protein concentration…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesPhase analysisProteins & DNA/RNASAXSTechnique

Controlling Crystal Texture in Programmable Atom Equivalent Thin Films

Gabrys, Paul A.; Macfarlane, Robert J.

DNA is a powerful tool in the directed assembly of nanoparticle based superlattice materials, as the predictable nature of Watson–Crick base pairing allows DNA-grafted particles to be programmably assembled into unit cells that arise from the complete control of nanoparticle coordination environment within the lattice. However, while the local environment…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFoodFood scienceLipidsLiquid crystalsMaterialPhase analysisProteins & DNA/RNASAXSSizeTechnique

Encapsulation of Aspartic Protease in Nonlamellar Lipid Liquid Crystalline Phases

Valldeperas, Maria; Talaikis, Martynas; Dhayal, Surender K.; Veli?ka, Martynas; Barauskas, Justas; Niaura, Gediminas; Nylander, Tommy

Encapsulation of proteins within lipid inverse bicontinuous cubic phases (Q2) has been widely studied for many applications, such as protein crystallization or drug delivery of proteins for food and pharmaceutical purposes. However, the use of the lipid sponge (L3) phase for encapsulation of proteins has not yet been well explored.…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherParticle interactionsProteins & DNA/RNASAXSSelf-assembled materialShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

Twisted Ribbon Aggregates in a Model Peptide System

Rüter, Axel; Kuczera, Stefan; Pochan, Darrin J.; Olsson, Ulf

The model peptides A8K and A10K self-assemble in water into ca. 100 nm long ribbon-like aggregates. These structures can be described as ?-sheets laminated into a ribbon structure with a constant elliptical cross-section of 4 by 8 nm, where the longer axis corresponds to a finite number, N ? 15,…
27 January 2020