Proteins & DNA/RNA

ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersFractal dimensionMaterialPhase analysisProteins & DNA/RNASAXSSelf-assembled materialStructural biologyTechniqueWAXS

Aggregation behavior of the amyloid model peptide NACore

Pallbo, Jon; Sparr, Emma; Olsson, Ulf

The aggregation of the 11 residue long NACore peptide segment of ?-synuclein (68-GAVVTGVTAVA-78) has been investigated using a combination of cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM), small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering, and spectroscopy techniques. The aqueous peptide solubility is pH dependent, and aggregation was triggered by a pH quench from pH…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersMaterialProteins & DNA/RNAStructural biologyTechniqueWAXS

PrP (58–93) peptide from unstructured N-terminal domain of human prion protein forms amyloid-like fibrillar structures in the presence of Zn2+ ions

Gielnik, Maciej; Pietralik, Zuzanna; Zhukov, Igor; Szymańska, Aneta; Kwiatek, Wojciech M.; Kozak, Maciej

Many transition metal ions modulate the aggregation of different amyloid peptides. Substoichiometric zinc concentrations can inhibit aggregation, while an excess of zinc can accelerate the formation of cytotoxic fibrils. In this study, we report the fibrillization of the octarepeat domain to amyloid-like structures. Interestingly, this self-assembling process occurred only in…
25 November 2019
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biologyTechnique

NMR and crystallographic structural studies of the extremely stable monomeric variant of human cystatin C with single amino acid substitution

Maszota‐Zieleniak, Martyna; Jurczak, Przemyslaw; Orlikowska, Marta; Zhukov, Igor; Borek, Dominika; Otwinowski, Zbyszek; Skowron, Piotr; Pietralik, Zuzanna; Kozak, Maciej; Szymańska, Aneta; Rodziewicz‐Motowidło, Sylwia

Human cystatin C (hCC), a member of the superfamily of papain-like cysteine protease inhibitors, is the most widespread cystatin in human body fluids. This small protein, in addition to its physiological function, is involved in various diseases, including cerebral amyloid angiopathy, cerebral hemorrhage, stroke, and dementia. Physiologically active hCC is…
25 November 2019
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biologyTechnique

Arguments for an additional long-lived intermediate in the photocycle of the full-length aureochrome 1c receptor: A time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering study

Bannister, Saskia; Böhm, Elena; Zinn, Thomas; Hellweg, Thomas; Kottke, Tilman

Aureochromes (AUREO) act as blue-light photoreceptors in algae. They consist of a light-, oxygen-, voltage-sensitive (LOV) domain and a DNA-binding basic region/leucine zipper. Illumination of the flavin cofactor in LOV leads to the formation of an adduct, followed by global structural changes. Here, we first applied UV/vis spectroscopy to characterize…
25 November 2019
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeSizeStructural biologyTechnique

The domain swapping of human cystatin C induced by synchrotron radiation

Taube, Michal; Pietralik, Zuzanna; Szymanska, Aneta; Szutkowski, Kosma; Clemens, Daniel; Grubb, Anders; Kozak, Maciej

Domain swapping is observed for many proteins with flexible conformations. This phenomenon is often associated with the development of conformational diseases. Importantly, domain swapping has been observed for human cystatin C (HCC), a protein capable of forming amyloid deposits in brain arteries. In this study, the ability of short exposure…
25 November 2019
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsMaterialProteins & DNA/RNASAXSStructural biologyTechnique

Alginate-coating of artemisinin-loaded cochleates results in better control over gastro-intestinal release for effective oral delivery

Shuddhodana; Judeh, Zaher

Development of new drug delivery systems for effective delivery of poorly water-soluble drugs is important. We report the development of cochleate-based formulation for the oral administration of poorly water-soluble artemisinin (ART). Cochleates offer great potential as vehicles for the oral delivery of ART due to their high drug encapsulation and…
25 November 2019
Customer publicationsParticle size and size distributionProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biology

Size-exclusion chromatography small-angle X-ray scattering of water soluble proteins on a laboratory instrument

S. Bucciarelli, S. R. Midtgaard, M. Nors Pedersen, S. Skou, L. Arleth and B. Vestergaard

Coupling of size-exclusion chromatography with biological solution small-angle X-ray scattering (SEC-SAXS) on dedicated synchrotron beamlines enables structural analysis of challenging samples such as labile proteins and low-affinity complexes...
8 April 2019
CharacterizationCustomer publicationsLipidsProteins & DNA/RNASAXSStructural biology

Rheological Link Between Polymer Melts with a High Molecular Weight Tail and Enhanced Formation of Shish-Kebabs

Wingstrand, Sara L.; Shen, Bo; Kornfield, Julie A.; Mortensen, Kell; Parisi, Daniele; Vlassopoulos, Dimitris; Hassager, Ole

Presence of an ultra high molecular weight (UHMw) fraction in flowing polymer melts is known to facilitate formation of oriented crystalline structures significantly. The UHMw fraction manifests itself as a minor tail in the molar mass distribution and is hardly detectable in the canonical characterization methods. In this study, alternatively,…
12 March 2019
Customer publicationsProteins & DNA/RNASAXSShapeStructural biology

Structural analysis of mtEXO mitochondrial RNA degradosome reveals tight coupling of nuclease and helicase components

Razew, Michal; Warkocki, Zbigniew; Taube, Michal; Kolondra, Adam; Czarnocki-Cieciura, Mariusz; Nowak, Elzbieta; Labedzka-Dmoch, Karolina; Kawinska, Aleksandra; Piatkowski, Jakub; Golik, Pawel; Kozak, Maciej; Dziembowski, Andrzej; Nowotny, Marcin

The mitochondrial RNA degradosome (mtEXO) plays an essential role in the regulation of mitochondrial gene expression and is composed of the 3′-to-5′ exoribonuclease Dss1 and the helicase Suv3. Here the authors present the RNA bound mtEXO crystal structure and give insights into its…
12 March 2019