Orientation analysis

(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisOtherPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSSizeTechniqueTemperature

Structural evolution of flow-oriented high density polyethylene upon heating: In situ SAXS and WAXD studies

Liao, Tao; Zhao, Xintong; Yang, Xiao; Coates, Phil; Whiteside, Ben; Jiang, Zhiyong; Men, Yongfeng

The structural evolution of micro-injection molded high density polyethylene (HDPE) at the molecular and lamellar levels was investigated as a function of temperature during heating process using wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques. The molded sample exhibits a peculiar multilayer structure of skin and…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

A Near-Infrared Photoactuator Based on Shape Memory Semicrystalline Polymers toward Light-Fueled Crane, Grasper, and Walker

Yang, Qi; Peng, Chuang; Ren, Juntao; Zhao, Wenpeng; Zheng, Wenjie; Zhang, Chunyu; Hu, Yanming; Zhang, Xuequan

Light-driven soft actuators with adaptive shape changes, diverse geometric morphing, and reversible macroscopic movements have gained ever-increasing interest owing to their diverse applications ranging from biomedical to aerospace devices. Herein, presented is a near-infrared (NIR) light-stimulated actuator based on cis-1,4 polybutadiene-polyethylene semicrystalline copolymer. In the system, a…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsGISAXSGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Comprehensive Investigation and Analysis of Bulk-Heterojunction Microstructure of High-Performance PCE11:PCBM Solar Cells

Zhang, Chaohong; Heumueller, Thomas; Gruber, Wolfgang; Almora, Osbel; Du, Xiaoyan; Ying, Lei; Chen, Junwu; Unruh, Tobias; Cao, Yong; Li, Ning; Brabec, Christoph J.

Worldwide research efforts have been devoted to organic photovoltaics in the hope of a large-scale commercial application in the near future. To meet the industrial production requirements, organic photovoltaics that can reach power conversion efficiency (PCE) of over 10% along with promising operational device stability are of utmost interest. In…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSelf-assembled materialSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Morphological Evolution of Poly(solketal methacrylate)-block-polystyrene Copolymers in Thin Films

Yu, Duk Man; Smith, Darren M.; Kim, Hyeyoung; Mapas, Jose Kenneth D.; Rzayev, Javid; Russell, Thomas P.

The morphological evolution of the lamellar microdomains in the thin films of symmetric poly(solketal methacrylate-b-styrene) (PSM-b-PS) copolymers that can be converted into poly(glycerol monomethacrylate-b-styrene) (PGM-b-PS) copolymers through acid hydrolysis reaction was investigated. This simple chemical transformation was performed in the solid state using trifluoroacetic acid vapor,…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Improving Processing, Crystallization, and Performance of Poly-l-lactide with an Amide-Based Organic Compound as Both Plasticizer and Nucleating Agent

Leoné, Nils; Roy, Manta; Saidi, Sarah; de Kort, Gijs; Hermida-Merino, Daniel; Wilsens, Carolus H. R. M.

In this work, we report on a novel hydrogen-bonding compound, N,N?-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)terephthalamide (BHET), and its potential as additive in poly-l-lactide (PLA). Although the hydroxyl groups of BHET can participate in transesterification with the PLA matrix, we demonstrate through gel permeation chromatography that extrusion at 200 °C does not result in a…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Thermally Conductive and Electrically Insulating PVP/Boron Nitride Composite Films for Heat Spreader

Liu, Y.; Wang, N.; Ye, L.; Zehri, A.; Nylander, A.; Nkansah, A.; Lu, H.; Liu, J.

Thermally conductive materials with electrically insulating properties have been extensively investigated for thermal management of electronic devices. The combined properties of high thermal conductivity, structural stability, corrosion resistance and electric resistivity make hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) a promising candidate for this purpose. Theoretical studies have revealed that h-BN has a…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Liquid Crystal Elastomer Waveguide Actuators

Kuenstler, Alexa S.; Kim, Hyunki; Hayward, Ryan C.

While most photomechanical materials developed to date have relied on free-space illumination to drive actuation, this strategy fails when direct line-of-site access is precluded. In this study, waveguided light is harnessed by liquid crystal elastomer (LCE) nanocomposites to drive actuation. Using photo-chemical reduction of gold salts to plasmonic nanoparticles, prescription…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Protic Ionic Liquids Based on the Alkyl-Imidazolium Cation: Effect of the Alkyl Chain Length on Structure and Dynamics

Abdurrokhman, Iqbaal; Elamin, Khalid; Danyliv, Olesia; Hasani, Mohammad; Swenson, Jan; Martinelli, Anna

Protic ionic liquids are known to form extended hydrogen-bonded networks that can lead to properties different from those encountered in the aprotic analogous liquids, in particular with respect to the structure and transport behavior. In this context, the present paper focuses on a wide series of 1-alkyl-imidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquids,…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Nano-modified HDPE/PA6 microfibrillar composites: Effect of aminated graphite platelets coupling

Kelnar, Ivan; Bal, Ümitcan; Zhigunov, Alexander; Kaprálková, Ludmila; Fortelný, Ivan; Krej?íková, Sabina; Kredatusová, Jana; Dybal, Ji?í; Janata, Miroslav; Nofar, Mohammadreza

Modification of microfibrillar composites (MFCs) by nanofillers shows important effects of its localization on performance. This work deals with control of migration/localization of amine-modified graphite nanoplatelets (GNPAs) in the HDPE/PA6 system through their in situ coupling. GNPA/HDPE linking also leads to complex morphology of PA6 fibers. Although such control of…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Mechanism of stress induced crystallization of polyethylene

Yakovlev, Sergey; Fiscus, David; Brant, Pat; Butler, Jeff; Bucknall, David G.; Downing, Kenneth H.

When polymer melt is subjected to stress, molecular chains become aligned along the elongation direction. However, when polyethylene film crystallizes under stress, molecular chains frequently align perpendicular to the elongation direction. In this paper we investigate why this happens. Evaluating metallocene LLDPE film we show that under the stress lamellae…
27 January 2020