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Cell wall structure and composition is affected by light quality in tomato seedlings

Falcioni, Renan; Moriwaki, Thaise; Perez-Llorca, Marina; Munné-Bosch, Sergi; Gibin, Mariana Sversut; Sato, Francielle; Pelozo, Andressa; Pattaro, Mariana Carmona; Giacomelli, Marina Ellen; Rüggeberg, Markus; Antunes, Werner Camargos

Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 2020, vol 203pp. 111745

DOI:10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2019.111745

Abstract

Light affects many aspects of cell development. Tomato seedlings growing at different light qualities (white, blue, green, red, far-red) and in the dark displayed alterations in cell wall structure and composition. A strong and negative correlation was found between cell wall thickness and hypocotyl growth. Cell walls was thicker under blue and white lights and thinner under far-red light and in the dark, while intermediate values was observed for red or green lights. Additionally, the inside layer surface of cell wall presented random deposited microfibrillae angles under far-red light and in the dark. However, longitudinal transmission electron microscopy indicates a high frequency of microfibrils close to parallels related to the elongation axis in the outer layer. This was confirmed by ultra-high resolution small angle X-ray scattering. These data suggest that cellulose microfibrils would be passively reoriented in the longitudinal direction. As the cell expands, the most recently deposited layers (inside) behave differentially oriented compared to older (outer) layers in the dark or under FR lights, agreeing with the multinet growth hypothesis. High Ca and pectin levels were found in the cell wall of seedlings growing under blue and white light, also contributing to the low extensibility of the cell wall. Low Ca and pectin contents were found in the dark and under far-red light. Auxins marginally stimulated growth in thin cell wall circumstances. Hypocotyl growth was stimulated by gibberellins under blue light.

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