Thin films

(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Controlling the pore size in conjugated polymer films via crystallization-driven phase separation

Guo, Shaowen; Lu, Yaguang; Wang, Binghua; Shen, Changyu; Chen, Jingbo; Reiter, Günter; Zhang, Bin

A wide range of possible applications in sensors and optoelectronic devices have focused considerable attention on porous membranes made of semi-conducting polymers. In this study, porous films of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) were conveniently constructed through spin-coating of solutions of a blend of P3HT and polyethylene glycol (PEG). Pores were formed by…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Effects of energy-level offset between a donor and acceptor on the photovoltaic performance of non-fullerene organic solar cells

Yang, Chenyi; Zhang, Jianqi; Liang, Ningning; Yao, Huifeng; Wei, Zhixiang; He, Chang; Yuan, Xiaotao; Hou, Jianhui

Minimizing the energy-level offset between a donor and acceptor in order to reduce energy loss (Eloss) is a hot topic in the field of organic solar cells (OSCs). However, for non-fullerene OSCs, the discussion concerning the relationship between energy-level offset and device performance has not yet reached a general conclusion…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisOtherSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Random Organic Nanolaser Arrays for Cryptographic Primitives

Feng, Jiangang; Wen, Wen; Wei, Xiao; Jiang, Xiangyu; Cao, Moyuan; Wang, Xuedong; Zhang, Xiqi; Jiang, Lei; Wu, Yuchen

Next-generation high-security cryptography and communication call for nondeterministic generation and efficient authentication of unclonable bit sequences. Physical unclonable functions using inherent randomness in material and device fabrication process have emerged as promising candidates for realizing one-way cryptographic systems that avoid duplication and attacks. However, previous…
12 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSMaterialMetalsRenewable energyShapeSizeTechniqueThin films

Stabilizing Silver Window Electrodes for Organic Photovoltaics Using a Mercaptosilane Monolayer

Lee, Jaemin; Walker, Marc; Varagnolo, Silvia; Huband, Steven; Hatton, Ross A.

A single layer of the bifunctional molecule 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane is shown to be remarkably effective at improving the stability of optically thin silver film electrodes toward spontaneous morphological change and oxidation by airborne sulfur. Inclusion of this layer in the novel transparent electrode WO3(30 nm)/silver (13 nm)/sol–gel ZnO (27 nm) at…
12 March 2021
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisPolymer researchSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Synthesis and Solid-State Properties of PolyC3 (Co)polymers Containing (CH2–CH2–C(COOR)2) Repeat Units with Densely Packed Fluorocarbon Lateral Chains

Illy, Nicolas; Urayeneza, Deogratias; Maryasevskaya, Alina V.; Michely, Laurent; Boileau, Sylvie; Brissault, Blandine; Bersenev, Egor A.; Anokhin, Denis V.; Ivanov, Dimitri A.; Penelle, Jacques

The synthesis and structural characterization of linear PolyC3 polymers containing trimethylene-1,1-dicarboxylate structural repeat units with C6F13 and C8F17 fluorinated side chains is described for the first time, and their properties were compared with the traditional polyvinyl structures that display the fluorinated chain on every second rather than on every third…
5 March 2021
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLiquid crystalsMaterialOtherShapeSizeThin films

Collective orientational order and phase behavior of a discotic liquid crystal under nanoscale confinement

Yildirim, Arda; Sentker, Kathrin; Smales, Glen Jacob; Pauw, Brian Richard; Huber, Patrick; Schönhals, Andreas

The phase behavior and molecular ordering of hexakishexyloxy triphenylene (HAT6) DLCs under cylindrical nanoconfinement are studied utilizing differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dielectric spectroscopy (DS), where cylindrical nanoconfinement is established through embedding HAT6 into the nanopores of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes, and a silica membrane with pore diameters ranging…
5 March 2021
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGISAXSInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisRenewable energySAXSSurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Tuning Pore Dimensions of Mesoporous Inorganic Films by Homopolymer Swelling

Reid, Barry; Alvarez-Fernandez, Alberto; Schmidt-Hansberg, Benjamin; Guldin, Stefan

The functionality and applications of mesoporous inorganic films are closely linked to their mesopore dimensions. For material architectures derived from a block copolymer (BCP) micelle coassembly, the pore size is typically manipulated by changing the molecular weight corresponding to the pore-forming block. However, bespoke BCP synthesis is often a costly…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Regulating the phase separation of ternary organic solar cells via 3D architectured AIE molecules

Adil, Muhammad Abdullah; Zhang, Jianqi; Wang, Yuheng; Yu, Jinde; Yang, Chen; Lu, Guanghao; Wei, Zhixiang

An optimized bulk heterojunction (BHJ) interface, certifying enhanced exciton-splitting, charge separation and recombination inhibition, is vastly desired to obtain high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs). Herein, the ternary strategy has been employed to effectively modify the phase separation between the J71:ITIC blend by incorporating a 3D aggregation-induced emission (AIE) material,…
27 January 2020
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialRenewable energySAXSTechniqueThin films

Lignin@Nafion Membranes Forming Zn Solid–Electrolyte Interfaces Enhance the Cycle Life for Rechargeable Zinc-Ion Batteries

Yuan, Du; Manalastas, William; Zhang, Liping; Chan, Jun Jie; Meng, Shizhe; Chen, Yingqian; Srinivasan, Madhavi

Metallic zinc is an ideal anode material for rechargeable zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs), taking us beyond the lithium-ion era. In-depth understanding of the Zn metal surface is currently required owing to diverse but uncorrelated data about the Zn surface in mild environments. Herein, the surface chemistry of Zn is elucidated and…
27 January 2020
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisOtherRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechniqueThin films

Fine Multi-Phase Alignments in 2D Perovskite Solar Cells with Efficiency over 17% via Slow Post-Annealing

Wu, Guangbao; Li, Xing; Zhou, Jiyu; Zhang, Jianqi; Zhang, Xuning; Leng, Xuanye; Wang, Peijun; Chen, Ming; Zhang, Dongyang; Zhao, Kui; Liu, Shengzhong (Frank); Zhou, Huiqiong; Zhang, Yuan

Layered Ruddlesden–Popper (RP) phase (2D) halide perovskites have attracted tremendous attention due to the wide tunability on their optoelectronic properties and excellent robustness in photovoltaic devices. However, charge extraction/transport and ultimate power conversion efficiency (PCE) in 2D perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are still limited by the non-eliminable quantum well effect.…
27 January 2020