Renewable energy

(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechnique

Over 16% efficiency organic photovoltaic cells enabled by a chlorinated acceptor with increased open-circuit voltages

Cui, Yong; Yao, Huifeng; Zhang, Jianqi; Zhang, Tao; Wang, Yuming; Hong, Ling; Xian, Kaihu; Xu, Bowei; Zhang, Shaoqing; Peng, Jing; Wei, Zhixiang; Gao, Feng; Hou, Jianhui

Broadening the optical absorption of organic photovoltaic (OPV) materials by enhancing the intramolecular push-pull effect is a general and effective method to improve the power conversion efficiencies of OPV cells. However, in terms of the electron acceptors, the most common molecular design strategy of halogenation usually results in down-shifted molecular…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechnique

Improving the Stability and Monodispersity of Layered Cesium Lead Iodide Perovskite Thin Films by Tuning Crystallization Dynamics

Hadi, Atefe; Ryan, Bradley J.; Nelson, Rainie D.; Santra, Kalyan; Lin, Fang-Yi; Cochran, Eric W.; Panthani, Matthew G.

Assembling halide perovskites into layered structures holds promise for addressing chemical and phase stability challenges; however, several other challenges need to be addressed to create efficient and stable halide perovskite devices. Layered halide perovskites (LHPs) suffer from a broad distribution of layer thicknesses and band gaps within thin films. Reducing polydispersity…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialPhase analysisRenewable energySAXSTechniqueTemperature

Unlocking Simultaneously the Temperature and Electrochemical Windows of Aqueous Phthalocyanine Electrolytes

Huang, Zhifeng; Zhang, Peng; Gao, Xinpei; Henkensmeier, Dirk; Passerini, Stefano; Chen, Ruiyong

The change from organic solvents to aqueous solvents for safe and robust battery electrolytes is desirable for electrochemical energy storage. Thermodynamically, water has an electrochemical stability window of 1.23 V, and pure water freezes at 0 °C. Such properties clearly restrict the high-voltage applications and temperature adaptability of aqueous electrolytes.…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPorous materialRenewable energySAXSSizeTechnique

Influence of Trimethylsilyl Side Groups on the Molecular Mobility and Charge Transport in Highly Permeable Glassy Polynorbornenes

Yin, Huajie; Chapala, Pavel; Bermeshev, Maxim; Pauw, Brian R.; Schönhals, Andreas; Böhning, Martin

Superglassy polymers with a large fractional free volume have emerged as novel materials with a broad range of applications, especially in the field of membrane separations. Highly permeable addition-type substituted polynorbornenes with high thermal resistance and chemical stability are among the most promising materials. The major obstacle for extending the…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisRenewable energySurface structure and patternsTechnique

A diketopyrrolopyrrole-based macrocyclic conjugated molecule for organic electronics

Li, Cheng; Wang, Chao; Guo, Yiting; Jin, Yingzhi; Yao, Nannan; Wu, Yonggang; Zhang, Fengling; Li, Weiwei

The first diketopyrrolopyrrole based donor–acceptor macrocyclic conjugated molecule was developed and its application in organic electronics was systematically studied. , In this work, the first diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) based donor–acceptor macrocyclic conjugated molecule was developed and its application in organic electronics was systematically studied. Macrocyclic…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPore size and pore size distributionPorous materialRenewable energySAXSSpecific surfaceTechnique

Hard–Soft Carbon Composite Anodes with Synergistic Sodium Storage Performance

Xie, Fei; Xu, Zhen; Jensen, Anders C. S.; Au, Heather; Lu, Yaxiang; Araullo‐Peters, Vicente; Drew, Alan J.; Hu, Yong-Sheng; Titirici, Maria-Magdalena

A series of hard–soft carbon composite materials is produced from biomass and oil waste and applied as low-cost anodes for sodium-ion batteries to study the fundamentals behind the dependence of Na storage on their structural features. A good reversible capacity of 282 mAh g−1 is obtained at a current density…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialRenewable energySAXSTechniqueWAXS

A high-performance BaTiO 3 -grafted-GO-laden poly(ethylene oxide)-based membrane as an electrolyte for all-solid lithium-batteries

Angulakshmi, N.; Prasanna Kar, Goutam; Bose, Suryasarathi; Bhoje Gowd, E.; Thomas, Sabu; Manuel Stephan, A.

Nanocomposite polymer electrolytes (NCPEs) comprising poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), barium titanate-grafted-graphene oxide (BaTiO3-g-GO) and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl imide) (LiTFSI) were prepared by a simple hot-press technique. An increase of two orders of magnitude in the ionic conductivity was achieved upon incorporation of BaTiO3-g-GO in the polymeric matrix even at 0 °C. The…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialMaterialPhase analysisRenewable energyTechniqueWAXS

Extending the hydrogen storage limit in fullerene

Gaboardi, Mattia; Sarzi Amadé, Nicola; Aramini, Matteo; Milanese, Chiara; Magnani, Giacomo; Sanna, Samuele; Riccò, Mauro; Pontiroli, Daniele

Li6C60 has been chosen as the most representative system to study the hydrogenation mechanism in alkali-cluster intercalated fullerides. We present here a muon spin relaxation (?SR) experiment that hints the chance to achieve a higher storage capacity on fullerene with respect to the values suggested in literature. Moreover, a linear…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsGIWAXSMaterialRenewable energyTechnique

A strong influence of the positions of solubilizing alkyl side chains on optoelectronic and photovoltaic properties of TTBTBTT-based conjugated polymers

Akkuratov, A. V.; Susarova, D. K.; Moskvin, Y. L.; Anokhin, D. V.; Chernyak, A. V.; Prudnov, F. A.; Novikov, D. V.; Babenko, S. D.; Troshin, P. A.

We report the synthesis and comparative study of five conjugated polymers P1–P5 with different arrangements of two solubilizing 2-ethylhexyl side chains in their repeating units. It has been shown that positioning of the alkyl substituents affects strongly frontier energy levels of the polymers and results in variation of their optical…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisPorous materialRenewable energySAXSTechnique

Acid Induced Self-Assembly Strategy to Synthesize Ordered Mesoporous Carbons from Biomass

Xu, Fan; Chen, Yiqing; Tang, Minghui; Wang, Haiyan; Deng, Jiang; Wang, Yong

Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass is an economic and sustainable technique for the fabrication of functional carbonaceous materials. However, the introduction of biomass into synthesis of ordered mesoporous carbon materials achieves slow progress due to complicated requirements. It is still challenging to prepare biomass-derived ordered mesoporous carbon materials. Herein, we report…