Category

Orientation analysis

(Natural) polymersCompositesCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSWAXS

Anisotropic nanoparticles as templates for the crystalline structure of an injection-molded isotactic polypropylene/TiO2 nanocomposite

Zhang, Peng; Kraus, Tobias

We study the molecular origins of anisotropy in a semicrystalline polymer nanocomposite that is caused by aligned, elongated filler nanoparticles. Our study is based on spatially resolved 2D WAXS/SAXS data that indicates the arrangement of molecules, lamellae, and filler particles in the composite. Isotactic polypropylene (IPP) samples filled with anisotropic…
12 March 2019
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFibersMaterialOrientation analysisRenewable energySAXSTechnique

Scalable, anisotropic transparent paper directly from wood for light management in solar cells

Jia, Chao; Li, Tian; Chen, Chaoji; Dai, Jiaqi; Kierzewski, Iain Michael; Song, Jianwei; Li, Yiju; Yang, Chunpeng; Wang, Chengwei; Hu, Liangbing

The growing demand for flexible electronics and solar energy conversion devices has fueled a search for high-quality paper-based materials with excellent mechanical flexibility and optical properties such as high transparency and haze. Despite the tremendous efforts have been dedicated to developing paper-based materials with high transparency or high haze, challenges…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchUSAXSWAXS

Inter-fibrillar tie chains determined critical stress of large strain cavitation in tensile stretched isotactic polypropylene

Lu, Ying; Lyu, Dong; Xiong, Bijin; Chen, Ran; Men, Yongfeng

Isotactic polypropylene (iPP) samples with pure mesophase, pure α modification, and coexistence of both phases were used to investigate the sudden stress whitening triggered at large strain during stretching. This whitening was caused by the cavities generated in the highly oriented amorphous network. The critical stresses of such cavitation-induced whitening…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchTensileWAXS

Crystallization of hard segments in MDI/BD-based polyurethanes deformed at elevated temperature and their dependence on the MDI/BD content

Li, Xuke; Lu, Ying; Wang, Hai; Pöselt, Elmar; Eling, Berend; Men, Yongfeng

Morphological variation of thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPUs) with different hard segment contents (HSCs) stretched at 100 °C higher than the Tg of hard domain was monitored by in-situ wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques. WAXS patterns reveal that the crystalline modification of TPUs with high HSCs transforms from…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXS

Controlling Crystal Microstructure To Minimize Loss in Polymer Dielectrics

Miranda, Daniel F.; Zhang, Shihai; Runt, James

A model semicrystalline polymer, poly(ethylene naphthalate) (PEN), was used to examine how morphological factors inhibit chain segment relaxations that contribute to dielectric loss. This was achieved by manipulating the extent of crystallization and the crystalline microstructure through a combination of annealing and uniaxial drawing and investigating the effects on dielectric…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCharacteristic dimensionCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTensileWAXS

Structural transformation from shish-kebab crystals to micro-fibrils through hot stretching process of gel-spun ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fibers with high concentration solution

An, Minfang; Lv, You; Yao, Guibin; Zhang, Li; Wang, Zongbao

Structural evolution of gel-spun ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fibers with high concentration solution via hot stretching process was investigated by in situ small-angle X-ray scattering, in situ wide-angle X-ray diffraction measurements, scanning electron microscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. With the increase of stretching strain, the long period continuously increases…
12 March 2019