(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSelf-assembled materialTechniqueWAXS

Moebius strips of chiral block copolymers

Geng, Zhen; Xiong, Bijin; Wang, Liquan; Wang, Ke; Ren, Min; Zhang, Lianbin; Zhu, Jintao; Yang, Zhenzhong

The Moebius topology (twisted, single-sided strip) is intriguing because of its structural elegance and distinct properties. Here we report the generation of block copolymer Moebius strips via a fast self-assembly of chiral block copolymer polystyrene-block-poly(D-lactide acid) (PS-b-PDLA) in tetrahydrofuran/water mixed solvents. The Moebius strip is formed by morphological evolution from…
ApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsFoodFood scienceMaterialTechniqueWAXS

Variance of Zein Protein and Starch Granule Morphology between Corn and Steam Flaked Products Determined Starch Ruminal Degradability Through Altering Starch Hydrolyzing Bacteria Attachment

Xu, NingNing; Wang, DiMing; Liu, JianXin

The current study investigated differences of ?-zein protein contents and starch granule characteristics between raw and steam flaked corns and their influences on ruminal starch hydrolyzing bacteria (SHB) attached to corn grain. Two types of raw (Corn1 and Corn2) and their steam-flaked products (SFCorn1 and SFCorn2) were applied to explore…
ApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsParticlesPore size and pore size distributionTechniqueWAXS

Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Ultrasmall Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles

Saloga, Patrick E. J.; Thünemann, Andreas F.

We report on ultrasmall zinc oxide single-crystalline nanoparticles of narrow size distribution and long-term colloidal stability. These oleate-stabilized nanoparticles were synthesized using microwave-assisted synthesis for 5 min, corresponding to a 99% decrease in synthesis time, when compared to the conventional synthesis method. It was observed that the average particle radius…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialOrientation analysisPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

A Near-Infrared Photoactuator Based on Shape Memory Semicrystalline Polymers toward Light-Fueled Crane, Grasper, and Walker

Yang, Qi; Peng, Chuang; Ren, Juntao; Zhao, Wenpeng; Zheng, Wenjie; Zhang, Chunyu; Hu, Yanming; Zhang, Xuequan

Light-driven soft actuators with adaptive shape changes, diverse geometric morphing, and reversible macroscopic movements have gained ever-increasing interest owing to their diverse applications ranging from biomedical to aerospace devices. Herein, presented is a near-infrared (NIR) light-stimulated actuator based on cis-1,4 polybutadiene-polyethylene semicrystalline copolymer. In the system, a…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Tuning the photoluminescence and anisotropic structure of PEDOT

Ivanko, Iryna; Pánek, Ji?í; Svoboda, Jan; Zhigunov, Alexander; Tomšík, Elena

In the current work, we study the photoluminescence and anisotropic structure of PEDOT which is obtained in the presence of ions that perturb the water structure (ions in Hofmeister series). The water content in PEDOT has been confirmed by TGA and DSC measurements. The weight loss and heat flux together…
(Hydro)gels(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchTechniqueWAXS

Pure PEDOT:PSS hydrogels

Lu, Baoyang; Yuk, Hyunwoo; Lin, Shaoting; Jian, Nannan; Qu, Kai; Xu, Jingkun; Zhao, Xuanhe

Hydrogels of conducting polymers provide an electrical interface with biological tissues for sensing and stimulation, but currently have compromised mechanical and electrical properties. Here, the authors show a simple method to achieve pure PEDOT:PSS hydrogels that exhibit superior mechanical and electrical properties, stability, and tunable…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialInorganic materialsMaterialPhase analysisTechniqueWAXS

Slow Magnetic Relaxation of Co(II) Single Chains Embedded within Metal–Organic Superstructures

Kawamura, Airi; Filatov, Alexander S.; Anderson, John S.; Jeon, Ie-Rang

Two coordination polymers of the type Co(BPDC)(N-ox), with BPDC being 4,4?-biphenyldicarboxylate and N-ox being pyridine N-oxide (PNO) or isoquinoline N-oxide (IQNO), have been synthesized and characterized. The compounds feature 2D and 3D metal–organic networks that encapsulate Co(II)-based chains in a rigid superstructure. The dc and ac magnetic properties of these…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialRenewable energyTechniqueWAXS

Tuning charge transport dynamics via clustering of doping in organic semiconductor thin films

Boyle, Connor J.; Upadhyaya, Meenakshi; Wang, Peijian; Renna, Lawrence A.; Lu-Díaz, Michael; Jeong, Seung Pyo; Hight-Huf, Nicholas; Korugic-Karasz, Ljiljana; Barnes, Michael D.; Aksamija, Zlatan; Venkataraman, D.

A significant challenge in the rational design of organic thermoelectric materials is to realize simultaneously high electrical conductivity and high induced-voltage in response to a thermal gradient, which is represented by the Seebeck coefficient. Conventional wisdom posits that the polymer alone dictates thermoelectric efficiency. Herein, we show that doping —…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialOtherRenewable energyTechniqueWAXS

Structural correlations tailor conductive properties in polymerized ionic liquids

Doughty, Benjamin; Genix, Anne-Caroline; Popov, Ivan; Li, Bingrui; Zhao, Sheng; Saito, Tomonori; Lutterman, Daniel A.; Sacci, Robert L.; Sumpter, Bobby G.; Wojnarowska, Zaneta; Bocharova, Vera

Polymerized ionic liquids (PolyILs) are promising materials for applications in electrochemical devices spanning from fuel cells to capacitors and batteries. In principle, PolyILs have a competitive advantage over traditional electrolytes in being single ion conductors and thus enabling a transference number close to unity. Despite this perceived advantage, surprisingly low…
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialRenewable energySAXSTechniqueWAXS

Microwave-assisted Diels–Alder polycondensation of proton conducting poly(phenylene)s

Adamski, Michael; Skalski, Thomas J. G.; Xu, Shaoyi; Killer, Miho; Schibli, Eric M.; Frisken, Barbara J.; Holdcroft, Steven

An exploratory microwave-assisted synthesis of a promising proton-conducting, Diels–Alder poly(phenylene) is reported and comprehensively compared against a traditional, thermal polymerization approach. A 24-fold reduction in reaction time is achieved by microwave synthesis. Characterization of polymers prepared by microwave-assisted synthesis vs. the thermal approach reveals little difference in…