(Natural) polymersCharacteristic dimensionCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXSTensileWAXS

Structural transformation from shish-kebab crystals to micro-fibrils through hot stretching process of gel-spun ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fibers with high concentration solution

An, Minfang; Lv, You; Yao, Guibin; Zhang, Li; Wang, Zongbao

Structural evolution of gel-spun ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fibers with high concentration solution via hot stretching process was investigated by in situ small-angle X-ray scattering, in situ wide-angle X-ray diffraction measurements, scanning electron microscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. With the increase of stretching strain, the long period continuously increases…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchTensileWAXS

Crystallization of hard segments in MDI/BD-based polyurethanes deformed at elevated temperature and their dependence on the MDI/BD content

Li, Xuke; Lu, Ying; Wang, Hai; Pöselt, Elmar; Eling, Berend; Men, Yongfeng

Morphological variation of thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPUs) with different hard segment contents (HSCs) stretched at 100 °C higher than the Tg of hard domain was monitored by in-situ wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques. WAXS patterns reveal that the crystalline modification of TPUs with high HSCs transforms from…
12 March 2019
Characteristic dimensionCustomer publicationsFibersOtherSAXSWAXS

Determination of the packing model of a supramolecular nanofiber via mass-per-length measurement and de novo simulation

Yao, Qingxin; Bao, Qiang; Li, Xinming; Wang, Hui; Yang, Zhenyu; Shi, Xinghua; Gao, Yuan; Xu, Bing

Herein, we report an example of using scanning transmission electron microscopy to determine the mass-per-length of supramolecular nanofibers. Together with the measurement of the diameter of nanofibers via transmission electron microscopy, we could estimate the packing density of assembling molecules along the nanofibers. A parallel unbiased de novo simulation screens…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsFoodFood scienceMaterialSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Characterization of multi-scale structure and thermal properties of Indica rice starch with different amylose contents

Li, Zhihang; Kong, Xiangli; Zhou, Xianrong; Zhong, Kui; Zhou, Sumei; Liu, Xingxun

Fully understanding the relationship between multi-scale structure and thermal properties of rice starch is important for starch-based food processing. Multi-scale structures of Indica rice starch were studied from molecules to aggregation structure. Gel-permeation chromatography (GPC) and high-performance anion-exchange chromatography (HPAEC) both show that the amylopectin from debranched rice…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCompositesCustomer publicationsGISAXSGIWAXSInorganic materialMaterialPhase analysisPorous materialRenewable energySAXSSelf-assembled materialSurfactantsTechniqueTemperatureThin filmsWAXS

Ordered Mesoporous to Macroporous Oxides with Tunable Isomorphic Architectures: Solution Criteria for Persistent Micelle Templates

Lokupitiya, Hasala N.; Jones, Alexis; Reid, Barry; Guldin, Stefan; Stefik, Morgan

Porous and nanoscale architectures of inorganic materials have become crucial for a range of energy and catalysis applications, where the ability to control the morphology largely determines the transport characteristics and device performance. Despite the availability of a range of block copolymer self-assembly methods, the conditions for tuning the key…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCrystalline fractionCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Blocked Shape Memory Effect in Negative Poisson’s Ratio Polymer Metamaterials

Boba, Katarzyna; Bianchi, Matteo; McCombe, Greg; Gatt, Ruben; Griffin, Anselm C.; Richardson, Robert M.; Scarpa, Fabrizio; Hamerton, Ian; Grima, Joseph N.

We describe a new class of negative Poisson’s ratio (NPR) open cell PU–PE foams produced by blocking the shape memory effect in the polymer. Contrary to classical NPR open cell thermoset and thermoplastic foams that return to their auxetic phase after reheating (and therefore limit their use in technological applications),…
12 March 2019