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The Different Roles of Entropy and Solubility in High Entropy Alloy Stability

Ruiz-Yi, Benjamin; Bunn, Jonathan Kenneth; Stasak, Drew; Mehta, Apurva; Besser, Matthew; Kramer, Matthew J.; Takeuchi, Ichiro; Hattrick-Simpers, Jason

By 12 March 2019No Comments

ACS Combinatorial Science, 2016, vol 18, 9, pp. 596-603



Multiprincipal element high entropy alloys stabilized as a single alloy phase represent a new material system with promising properties, such as high corrosion and creep resistance, sluggish diffusion, and high temperature tensile strength. However, the mechanism of stabilization to form single phase alloys is controversial. Early studies hypothesized that a large entropy of mixing was responsible for stabilizing the single phase; more recent work has proposed that the single-phase solid solution is the result of mutual solubility of the principal elements. Here, we demonstrate the first self-consistent study of the relative importance of these two proposed mechanisms. In situ high-throughput synchrotron diffraction studies were used to monitor the stability of the single phase alloy in thin-film (Al1–x–yCuxMoy)FeNiTiVZr composition spread samples. Our results indicate that a metastable solid solution can be captured via the rapid quenching typical of physical vapor deposition processes, but upon annealing the solid-solution phase stability is primarily governed by mutual miscibility.

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