Customer publications

Enthalpy of formation and disordering temperature of transient monotropic liquid crystals of poly(butylene 2,6-naphthalate)

Androsch, René; Soccio, Michelina; Lotti, Nadia; Jehnichen, Dieter; Göbel, Michael; Schick, Christoph

By 12 March 2019No Comments

Polymer, 2018, vol 158pp. 77-82



Melt-crystallization of poly(butylene 2,6-naphthalate) (PBN) at temperatures lower than about 160 °C follows Ostwald’s rule of stages via intermediate formation of a smectic liquid crystalline phase (LC-phase). The transient LC-phase has been isolated by interruption of the isothermal crystallization process at 140 °C at sub-second timescale, and then its disordering was analyzed on heating at a rate of 2000 K/s, which suppresses the transition into α-crystals. The disordering temperature of the LC-mesophase is slightly lower than 200 °C, and as such 20–30 K lower than the melting temperature of α-crystals formed from the LC-phase at 140 °C. Analysis of the bulk enthalpy of formation of the LC-phase revealed that it covers only 20–25% of the total bulk enthalpy of crystallization, which is considered further proof of its smectic nature.

Visit the full article

Back to the overview