Thermochimica Acta, 2016, vol 630pp. 21-30
The curing kinetics of UP nanocomposites prepared by incorporating different amounts of two kinds of organo-montmorillonite (organo-MMT): trimethyloctadecacylammonium chloride (TMOA) and aminopropyl-triethoxysilane (APTES) were studied by non-isothermal differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) experiments. small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) was used for measuring the d-spacings in the modified organo-clays, and no intercalation UP into these clays was observed for the nanocomposites. HRTEM images showed dispersed and agglomerated platelets in UP/APTES 2 and 10wt%. DSC analysis showed two peaks in UP resins and UP/organo-MMT, and a decrease in the exothermal peaks temperature (Tp1 and Tp2) for nanocomposites with the heating rate as compared with those of neat UP system; thus, the higher the heating rate, the higher the curing reaction rate. This effect was more clearly on the UP/MMT-APTES nanocomposites. The effective activation energies (Ea) were determined with the mode-free isoconversional Starik’s method. Sesták–Berggren model was chosen to simulate the reaction rate with a good match achieved. Thermal gravimetric analysis showed that the cured UP/APTES at high concentration were slightly more stable than UP and TMOA.