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Characteristic dimension

(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialNanoparticles & colloidsOil & gasParticlesPolymer researchPorous materialSAXSTechnique

Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticle Membranes with Controllable Free Volume

Bilchak, Connor R.; Buenning, Eileen; Asai, Makoto; Zhang, Kai; Durning, Christopher J.; Kumar, Sanat K.; Huang, Yucheng; Benicewicz, Brian C.; Gidley, David W.; Cheng, Shiwang; Sokolov, Alexei P.; Minelli, Matteo; Doghieri, Ferruccio

Polymer-based membranes play a key role in several industrially important gas separation technologies, e.g., removing CO2 from natural gas, with enormous economic and environmental impact. Here, we develop a novel hybrid membrane construct comprised entirely of nanoparticles grafted with polymers. These membranes are shown to have broadly tunable separation performance…
Xenocs
12 March 2019
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLiquid crystalsMaterialOtherPhase analysisSAXSSurfactantsTechnique

Liquid crystal phantom for validation of microscopic diffusion anisotropy measurements on clinical MRI systems

Nilsson, Markus; Larsson, Johan; Lundberg, Dan; Szczepankiewicz, Filip; Witzel, Thomas; Westin, Carl-Fredrik; Bryskhe, Karin; Topgaard, Daniel

Purpose To develop a phantom for validating MRI pulse sequences and data processing methods to quantify microscopic diffusion anisotropy in the human brain. Methods Using a liquid crystal consisting of water, detergent, and hydrocarbon, we designed a 0.5-L spherical phantom showing the theoretically highest possible degree of microscopic anisotropy. Data…
Xenocs
12 March 2019
(Hydro)gels(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Progression of the Morphology in Random Ionomers Containing Bulky Ammonium Counterions

Enokida, Joshua S.; Tanna, Vijesh A.; Winter, H. Henning; Coughlin, E. Bryan

Poly(isoprene-ran-dimethyloctylammonium styrenesulfonate) (P(I-ran-DMOASS)) copolymers with high molecular weights and dimethyloctylammonium styrenesulfonate (DMOASS) compositions ranging between 8 and 40 mol % (30 and 77 wt %) were synthesized via nitroxide-mediated polymerization. Thermal and viscoelastic characterization revealed distinct behaviors for the low (30–51 wt %) and high (56–77 wt…
Xenocs
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Studies on the 3-Lamellar Morphology of Miktoarm Terpolymers

Kim, Hyeyoung; Arras, Matthias M. L.; Mahalik, J. P.; Wang, Weiyu; Yu, Duk Man; Chernyy, Sergey; Goswami, Monojoy; Kumar, Rajeev; Sumpter, Bobby G.; Hong, Kunlun; Smith, Gregory S.; Russell, Thomas P.

The morphologies of ABC miktoarm star terpolymer consisting of polystyrene (PS), polyisoprene (PI), and poly(2-vinylpyridine) (P2VP) were studied by combining small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering (SANS and SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy. We find that this system displays a rich morphological behavior including an alternate lamellar (ALT.LAM), cylinder in undulated lamellar…
Xenocs
12 March 2019
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLiquid crystalsMaterialOtherPhase analysisTechniqueTemperatureWAXS

Highly Efficient Luminescent Liquid Crystal with Aggregation-Induced Energy Transfer

Liu, Yi; You, Li Hong; Lin, Fa Xu; Fu, Kuo; Yuan, Wang Zhang; Chen, Er-Qiang; Yu, Zhen-Qiang; Tang, Ben Zhong

A luminescent liquid crystal molecule (TPEMes) with efficient solid-state emission is rationally constructed via the chemical conjugation of blue-emitting tetraphenylethene cores and luminescent mesogenic tolane moieties, which are both featured with aggregation-induced emission properties. As for this fluorophore, aggregation-induced energy transfer from the emissive tolane mesogens to the…
Xenocs
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCharacteristic dimensionCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXS

Bioinspired Polylactide Based on the Multilayer Assembly of Shish-Kebab Structure: A Strategy for Achieving Balanced Performances

Yi, Longfei; Luo, Shanshan; Shen, Jiabin; Guo, Shaoyun; Sue, Hung-Jue

Achieving balanced mechanical performances in a polymer material has long been attractive, but it is still a significant challenge. Herein, a nonadditive strategy was proposed by tailoring the crystalline structure of neat polylactide (PLA) through a layer-multiplying extrusion. Compared with normal PLA, the layer-multiplied material exhibited a 50% increase in…
Xenocs
12 March 2019
ApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsInorganic materialInorganic materialsMaterialRenewable energyTechniqueWAXS

Aqueous Polysulfide–Air Battery with a Mediator-Ion Solid Electrolyte and a Copper Sulfide Catalyst for Polysulfide Redox

Gross, Martha M.; Manthiram, Arumugam

Aqueous sodium polysulfide–air batteries are a promising system for enabling low-cost, high energy density, environmentally benign batteries for grid-scale deployment. However, the sluggish redox kinetics of aqueous polysulfide requires the use of a catalyst. Cobalt sulfide is a traditional catalyst with good activity and stability, but it uses expensive and…
Xenocs
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCharacteristic dimensionCustomer publicationsGIWAXSRenewable energySelf-assembled material

Efficient perovskite photovoltaic devices using chemically doped PCDTBT as a hole-transport material

Wong-Stringer, Michael; Bishop, James E.; Smith, Joel A.; Mohamad, David K.; Parnell, Andrew J.; Kumar, Vikas; Rodenburg, Cornelia; Lidzey, David G.

It is shown that by chemically doping the carbazole-based conjugated polymer PCDTBT using the molecular materials TBP, LiTFSI and FK209, its conductivity can be increased by a factor of 105 times. Such doped PCDTBT films are used as a hole transport material (HTM) for standard architecture (CH(NH2)2PbI3)0.85(CH3NH3PbBr3)0.15 perovskite solar cells…
Xenocs
12 March 2019
(Hydro)gels(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Rapid and Quantitative De-tert-butylation for Poly(acrylic acid) Block Copolymers and Influence on Relaxation of Thermoassociated Transient Networks

Filippov, Alexei D.; van Hees, Ilse A.; Fokkink, Remco; Voets, Ilja K.; Kamperman, Marleen

The synthesis of charged polymers often requires the polymerization of protected monomers, followed by a polymer-analogous reaction to the polyelectrolyte product. We present a mild, facile method to cleave tert-butyl groups from poly(tert-butyl acrylate) blocks that yields poly(acrylic acid) (pAA) blocks free of traces of the ester. The reaction utilizes…
Xenocs
12 March 2019