Polymer research

(Natural) polymersCustomer publicationsPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXS

Effect of high molecular weight on pore formation and various properties of microporous membrane used for lithium-ion battery separator

Xu, Guan; Ding, Lei; Wu, Tong; Xiang, Ming; Yang, Feng

In this article, iPP cast films with high molecular weight in middle layer were prepared to investigate the effect of high molecular weight component on pore formation and mechanical strength. The results of DSC, SEM and 2D-XRD indicated that higher molecular weight and die draw ratio (DDR) would not alter…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Studies on the 3-Lamellar Morphology of Miktoarm Terpolymers

Kim, Hyeyoung; Arras, Matthias M. L.; Mahalik, J. P.; Wang, Weiyu; Yu, Duk Man; Chernyy, Sergey; Goswami, Monojoy; Kumar, Rajeev; Sumpter, Bobby G.; Hong, Kunlun; Smith, Gregory S.; Russell, Thomas P.

The morphologies of ABC miktoarm star terpolymer consisting of polystyrene (PS), polyisoprene (PI), and poly(2-vinylpyridine) (P2VP) were studied by combining small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering (SANS and SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy. We find that this system displays a rich morphological behavior including an alternate lamellar (ALT.LAM), cylinder in undulated lamellar…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCompositesCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXS

Highly Biodegradable and Tough Polylactic Acid–Cellulose Nanocrystal Composite

Muiruri, Joseph K.; Liu, Songlin; Teo, Wern Sze; Kong, Junhua; He, Chaobin

Poly(l-lactide) cellulose nanocrystals-filled nanocomposites were fabricated by blending of cellulose nanocrystals-g-rubber-g-poly(d-lactide) (CNC-rD-PDLA) and commercial PLLA, in which CNC-g-rubber was synthesized by ring opening polymerization (ROP) of d-lactide and a ε-caprolactone mixture to obtain CNC-P(CL-DLA), followed by further polymerization of d-lactide to obtain CNC-rD-PDLA. X-ray…
12 March 2019
(Hydro)gels(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Rapid and Quantitative De-tert-butylation for Poly(acrylic acid) Block Copolymers and Influence on Relaxation of Thermoassociated Transient Networks

Filippov, Alexei D.; van Hees, Ilse A.; Fokkink, Remco; Voets, Ilja K.; Kamperman, Marleen

The synthesis of charged polymers often requires the polymerization of protected monomers, followed by a polymer-analogous reaction to the polyelectrolyte product. We present a mild, facile method to cleave tert-butyl groups from poly(tert-butyl acrylate) blocks that yields poly(acrylic acid) (pAA) blocks free of traces of the ester. The reaction utilizes…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCharacteristic dimensionCustomer publicationsOrientation analysisPolymer researchSAXS

Bioinspired Polylactide Based on the Multilayer Assembly of Shish-Kebab Structure: A Strategy for Achieving Balanced Performances

Yi, Longfei; Luo, Shanshan; Shen, Jiabin; Guo, Shaoyun; Sue, Hung-Jue

Achieving balanced mechanical performances in a polymer material has long been attractive, but it is still a significant challenge. Herein, a nonadditive strategy was proposed by tailoring the crystalline structure of neat polylactide (PLA) through a layer-multiplying extrusion. Compared with normal PLA, the layer-multiplied material exhibited a 50% increase in…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXSTechnique

Guided Assembly of Block Copolymers in Three-Dimensional Woodpile Scaffolds

Choi, Jaewon; Koo, Sangmo; Sakellari, Ioanna; Kim, Hyeyoung; Su, Zhengliang; Carter, Kenneth R.; Farsari, Maria; Grigoropoulos, Costas P.; Russell, Thomas P.

Three-dimensional (3D) nanofabrication using the directed self-assembly of block copolymers (BCPs) holds great promise for the nanoscale device fabrication and integration into 3D architectures over large areas with high element densities. In this work, a robust platform is developed for building 3D BCP architectures with tailored functionality using 3D micron-scale…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersCustomer publicationsPhase analysisPolymer researchSAXS

Effects of Interconnected Polymer Nanopores Leading to Different Degrees of Confined Polymerization

Wang, Kui; Lei, Jinhua; Nie, Heran; Shen, Lu; Chen, Peng; Zhou, Guangyuan

In this study, different degrees of ethylene-confined polymerization (non-confined, slightly confined, and highly confined) are presented in porous polymer microspheres (PPMs) with an interconnected tri-modal pore structure. First, three catalysts, Cp2ZrCl2, Cp2TiCl2, and TiCl4, are attached to the interface of PPMs to form a nano-confined space for ethylene polymerization. Then…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsLiquid crystalsMaterialPhase analysisPolymer researchPore size and pore size distributionProteins & DNA/RNASelf-assembled materialTechniqueWAXS

Size-Selective Adsorption in Nanoporous Polymers from Coumarin Photo-Cross-Linked Columnar Liquid Crystals

Concellón, Alberto; Schenning, Albertus P. H. J.; Romero, Pilar; Marcos, Mercedes; Serrano, José Luis

We have prepared nanoporous polymers from columnar hexagonal hydrogen-bonded complexes, whose order is fixed by coumarin photoinduced cycloaddition (photodimerization). Two different hydrogen-bonded complexes were used and consisted of a melamine (M) or tris(triazolyl)triazine (T) derivative acting as central templates and three peripheral carboxylic acids containing coumarin units. These…
12 March 2019
(Natural) polymersApplicationCharacteristic dimensionCharacterizationCustomer publicationsFractal dimensionMaterialPolymer researchSAXSTechniqueWAXS

Anomalies in the low frequency vibrational density of states for a polymer with intrinsic microporosity – the Boson peak of PIM-1

Zorn, Reiner; Yin, Huajie; Lohstroh, Wiebke; Harrison, Wayne; Budd, Peter M.; Pauw, Brian R.; Böhning, Martin; Schönhals, Andreas

Polymers with intrinsic microporosity are promising candidates for the active separation layer in gas separation membranes. Here, the vibrational density of states (VDOS) for PIM-1, the prototypical polymer with intrinsic microporosity, is investigated by means of inelastic neutron scattering. The results are compared to data measured for a more conventional…
12 March 2019